What is PRECEDE-PROCEDE?

The PRECEDE-PROCEED Model

Introduction

When faced with health or community issue of material magnitude, practitioners often need to conduct planning. Adequate consultations are essential concerning relations with community stakeholders. The professional must liaise with the community, assess, and understand societal information, including the perspectives of other informative stakeholders, and the context of the matter before they intervene. PRECEDE-PROCEDEmodel can prove to be very resourceful to a practitioner in this regard.

What is PRECEDE-PROCEDE

PRECEDE-PROCEDE is meant for use designing interventions in public health matters, though its foundational principles can apply to other social issues as well.

  • PRECEDE1

PRECEDE is an acronym for Predisposing, Reinforcing, and Enabling Constructs in Educational and Environmental Development.

It is the initial process before intervening by outlaying four phases. Amongst the stages, recognizing the need comes first, then identifying and committing priorities comes second. The third phase comprises classifying the predisposing, reinforcing, and predisposing factors, even as recognizing the policy and administrative matters effective the implementation comes in the fourth phase.

Phase 1: Recognizing the need

Step 2: Identifying and setting priorities

Phase 3: Classifying the predisposing, reinforcing, and predisposing factors

Phase 4: Recognizing the policy and administrative factors

  • PROCEDE2

On the other hand, PROCEDE stands for Policy, Regulatory, and Organizational Constructs in Educational and Environmental Development.It describes how to proceed with the intervention by following the next four steps.

The sixth phase is execution and entails designing and conducting the actual intervention. Then, process assessment comes seventh and comprises an approach to conducting progressions and its effectiveness. Seventh, there is the impact analysis, and finally, outcome consideration comes in at the eighth phase.

Phase 5: Execution 

Phase 6: Process assessment

Phase 7: Impact analysis

Phase 8: Outcome consideration.

Framework Representation3

Why use the PRECEDE-PROCEED Model 4

There are several reasons for employing the model. Firstly, it offers a structure in which one can plan his or her approach as opposed to making unplanned interventions. Moreover, it provides a platform and guides for engaging in critical thinking and expanding one’s perspective of the public issue at hand. Finally, the fact that it promotes a comprehensive and inclusive approach means that the society is actively involved and thereby empowered.

Potential Drawbacks 5

Some drawbacks are associated with the PRECEDE-PROCEED concept. While representing programs on paper might appear an absolute reality, often, the actual engagement is never linear. Field engagements compose dynamic interrelationships in a non-sequential order. The preoccupation placed on the expected outcome is also a challenge, as it delegates the significance of considering the discretionary or unintended consequences. Finally, the concept assumes causal associations that might not capture cause-effect relationships. The assumptions used in the planning phase often do not represent actual causative factors regarding the actual outcome. Another combination of happenings may be behind the results observed by the practitioner once implemented comes to its terminal phase.

Represents reality; it is not reality

                        The assumption of linearity in causation is flawed

                        The actual situations are often dynamic and unpredictable

Faulty preoccupation with the outcome at the expense of considering deviations

Challenge of causal acknowledgment

Implementation Consideration 6

PRECEDE-PROCEED concept is invaluable in supporting long-running programs or one-time interventions.  Community involvement is critical to the program’s efficacy, as it enhances the prospects of genuine conversations and long-lasting solutions. Moreover, in determining to proceed or not with the PRECEDE-PROCEED, some considerations are essential. One might have to decide if all the parts of the model are required. Finally, resource and financial constraints need to be considered to ensure flawless procession.

Important Consideration for any Conceptual Framework

Conclusion and summary 7

Overall, PRECEDE-PROCEED is comprehensive enough to support a coherent intervention into matters of public health. The split into PRECEDE and PROCEED aspects helps cement a gradual involvement that further supports the program’s effectiveness. The awareness approach is appropriate for the community setting. Nevertheless, experts need to complement this approach with quantitative measures in the future to ensure objectiveness.

References

Azar, F. E., Solhi, M., Nejhaddadgar, N., & Amani, F. (2017). The effect of intervention using

the PRECEDE-PROCEED model based on the quality of life in diabetic patients. Journal of Electron Physician, 9(8), pp. 5024-5030

Gielen, A. C., & Eileen M. M. (2016).  The PRECEDE-PROCEED Planning Model. In Health

Behavior and Health Education, edited by Glanz, K, Lewis, F., &Rimer, K. B. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Green, Lawrence W., & Marshall W. Kreuter. Health Promotion and Planning: An Educational

and Environmental Approach. (2017) (4th edition). Mountain View, CA: Mayfield Publishing Co.

Hiaing, P. H., Sullivan, P., &Chaiyawat, P. (2019). Application of PRECEDE-PROCEED

planning model in transforming the clinical decision-makingbehavior of

physical therapists in Myanmar, Journal of Frontiers in Public Health, 7(114)

The PRECEDE-PROCEED Model

Introduction

When faced with health or community issue of material magnitude, practitioners often need to conduct planning. Adequate consultations are essential concerning relations with community stakeholders. The professional must liaise with the community, assess, and understand societal information, including the perspectives of other informative stakeholders, and the context of the matter before they intervene. PRECEDE-PROCEDEmodel can prove to be very resourceful to a practitioner in this regard.

What is PRECEDE-PROCEDE

PRECEDE-PROCEDE is meant for use designing interventions in public health matters, though its foundational principles can apply to other social issues as well.

  • PRECEDE1

PRECEDE is an acronym for Predisposing, Reinforcing, and Enabling Constructs in Educational and Environmental Development.

It is the initial process before intervening by outlaying four phases. Amongst the stages, recognizing the need comes first, then identifying and committing priorities comes second. The third phase comprises classifying the predisposing, reinforcing, and predisposing factors, even as recognizing the policy and administrative matters effective the implementation comes in the fourth phase.

Phase 1: Recognizing the need

Step 2: Identifying and setting priorities

Phase 3: Classifying the predisposing, reinforcing, and predisposing factors

Phase 4: Recognizing the policy and administrative factors

  • PROCEDE2

On the other hand, PROCEDE stands for Policy, Regulatory, and Organizational Constructs in Educational and Environmental Development.It describes how to proceed with the intervention by following the next four steps.

The sixth phase is execution and entails designing and conducting the actual intervention. Then, process assessment comes seventh and comprises an approach to conducting progressions and its effectiveness. Seventh, there is the impact analysis, and finally, outcome consideration comes in at the eighth phase.

Phase 5: Execution 

Phase 6: Process assessment

Phase 7: Impact analysis

Phase 8: Outcome consideration.

Framework Representation3

Why use the PRECEDE-PROCEED Model 4

There are several reasons for employing the model. Firstly, it offers a structure in which one can plan his or her approach as opposed to making unplanned interventions. Moreover, it provides a platform and guides for engaging in critical thinking and expanding one’s perspective of the public issue at hand. Finally, the fact that it promotes a comprehensive and inclusive approach means that the society is actively involved and thereby empowered.

Potential Drawbacks 5

Some drawbacks are associated with the PRECEDE-PROCEED concept. While representing programs on paper might appear an absolute reality, often, the actual engagement is never linear. Field engagements compose dynamic interrelationships in a non-sequential order. The preoccupation placed on the expected outcome is also a challenge, as it delegates the significance of considering the discretionary or unintended consequences. Finally, the concept assumes causal associations that might not capture cause-effect relationships. The assumptions used in the planning phase often do not represent actual causative factors regarding the actual outcome. Another combination of happenings may be behind the results observed by the practitioner once implemented comes to its terminal phase.

Represents reality; it is not reality

                        The assumption of linearity in causation is flawed

                        The actual situations are often dynamic and unpredictable

Faulty preoccupation with the outcome at the expense of considering deviations

Challenge of causal acknowledgment

Implementation Consideration 6

PRECEDE-PROCEED concept is invaluable in supporting long-running programs or one-time interventions.  Community involvement is critical to the program’s efficacy, as it enhances the prospects of genuine conversations and long-lasting solutions. Moreover, in determining to proceed or not with the PRECEDE-PROCEED, some considerations are essential. One might have to decide if all the parts of the model are required. Finally, resource and financial constraints need to be considered to ensure flawless procession.

Important Consideration for any Conceptual Framework

Conclusion and summary 7

Overall, PRECEDE-PROCEED is comprehensive enough to support a coherent intervention into matters of public health. The split into PRECEDE and PROCEED aspects helps cement a gradual involvement that further supports the program’s effectiveness. The awareness approach is appropriate for the community setting. Nevertheless, experts need to complement this approach with quantitative measures in the future to ensure objectiveness.

References

Azar, F. E., Solhi, M., Nejhaddadgar, N., & Amani, F. (2017). The effect of intervention using

the PRECEDE-PROCEED model based on the quality of life in diabetic patients. Journal of Electron Physician, 9(8), pp. 5024-5030

Gielen, A. C., & Eileen M. M. (2016).  The PRECEDE-PROCEED Planning Model. In Health

Behavior and Health Education, edited by Glanz, K, Lewis, F., &Rimer, K. B. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Green, Lawrence W., & Marshall W. Kreuter. Health Promotion and Planning: An Educational

and Environmental Approach. (2017) (4th edition). Mountain View, CA: Mayfield Publishing Co.

Hiaing, P. H., Sullivan, P., &Chaiyawat, P. (2019). Application of PRECEDE-PROCEED

planning model in transforming the clinical decision-makingbehavior of

physical therapists in Myanmar, Journal of Frontiers in Public Health, 7(114)


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