Rosand’s “Venetia Figurata: The Iconography Of A Myth”


Venice personified, or Venetia, is probably the most influential mythical figure to shape an entire worlds view on one city in the whole of modern history.  David Rosand explains this icon who embodied the beliefs and reputation of the Republic of Venice, through each one of her personified virtues as they came into existence in the art and literature of the time.  By the end of the 14th century, Venetia came to be known as the icon for Justice, a regal retributive figure that sits on the leonine throne of St. Mark (the patron saint of Venice).  Rosand explains this and others using the many paintings and medallions of the Venetia Figurata from the middle of the Trecento to the start of the 17th century.  He examines each piece by first explaining the virtue or persons being personified in Venetia and then explaining the surrounding space and how it fits into his translation of the piece.  Through many years and artworks, Venetia became an icon that would embody such virtues and persons as Justice, the Virgin Mary, the figure of Dea Roma, and Venus. This was only by the advent of the Venetian political imagination who transformed her into whatever they thought the state of Venice should portray to the outside world and to her citizens.

The first virtue to be personified by Venetia is Justice.  Since the chief virtue claimed by Venice is Justice, the earlier icon Iustitia and the new figure Venetia have much in common and were commonly mistaken for each other.  One of the first forms of Venetia is in the Ducal Palace where she is simply shown seated on a Solomonic throne of double lions, with an unsheathed sword, but without scales in an attempt by the Venetians to disassociate her with the icon of Justice. The scales were restored to Venetia, and ultimately strengthened the image as well as the states identity.

The second face of Venetia is shown on the ceiling of the Sala del Maggior Consiglio as Dea Roma.  This imagery is appropriate because of Venice’s nature and because of the cities search for identification in a strong figure.  What better figure than the antiquity of Roma?  Through this image Venetia transforms herself into a model of cities and a strong independent state.  The only state that had not been corrupted by the pagans, a state that was founded on Christianity and therefore immaculate and glorious even above all ancient states.

The Virgin Mary is the personification of Venetia that we see next in Rosand’s essay.  This is a face that held the most meaning to the Venetians, because of the “divine” origins of their state. According to legend, Venice came to be on the date of the annunciation, March 25, 421 and therefore is automatically related to the Virgin Mary.  In Jacobella del Fiore’s triptych, he blatantly shows the face of Venetia as the Virgin by using symbols like Gabriel holding a lily and mirroring the events on March 25 by announcing the birth of this new state and era of Christianity.  Venice is also referenced to the Virgin because of its freedom from foreign domination. The image of Venetia by Jacobella del Fiore also shows another face through the imagery like the sword and the scales, both commonly associated with Justice.

The last face that we see in Venetia is the face of Venus.  This one is also tied in with the origins of the state of Venice because like Venus, Venice was born of the sea.  During the 15th century, Venetia is portrayed with such imagery as rabbits, often used in context with the goddess of love, and in another work by Giambattista Zelotti called “Venice between Mars and Neptune”.  Here we clearly see a nude Venetia engaged with Mars, Neptune, Cupid and a large lion which is the only reference to this being Venetia and not Venus. But this image was not one that would last; ultimately Venetia reverted back to her regal matronly position as more of a queen than a lover.

The discussion put forth by Rosand is an interesting one.  These many faces of Venetia are mostly blatant, but some, are more of a stretch.  For me it is easier to believe that the imagery used by the artists is more of a style or taste than one of such many different symbolic meanings. But nonetheless, he did point out each virtue and personification clearly and believably.  Whatever the meaning behind these images, Venetia did show the rest of the world what a noble and virtuous state Venice was and undeniably proved its immaculate and glorious presence.

Get Professional Assignment Help Cheaply

Buy Custom Essay

Are you busy and do not have time to handle your assignment? Are you scared that your paper will not make the grade? Do you have responsibilities that may hinder you from turning in your assignment on time? Are you tired and can barely handle your assignment? Are your grades inconsistent?

Whichever your reason is, it is valid! You can get professional academic help from our service at affordable rates. We have a team of professional academic writers who can handle all your assignments.

Why Choose Our Academic Writing Service?

  • Plagiarism free papers
  • Timely delivery
  • Any deadline
  • Skilled, Experienced Native English Writers
  • Subject-relevant academic writer
  • Adherence to paper instructions
  • Ability to tackle bulk assignments
  • Reasonable prices
  • 24/7 Customer Support
  • Get superb grades consistently

Online Academic Help With Different Subjects


Students barely have time to read. We got you! Have your literature essay or book review written without having the hassle of reading the book. You can get your literature paper custom-written for you by our literature specialists.


Do you struggle with finance? No need to torture yourself if finance is not your cup of tea. You can order your finance paper from our academic writing service and get 100% original work from competent finance experts.

Computer science

Computer science is a tough subject. Fortunately, our computer science experts are up to the match. No need to stress and have sleepless nights. Our academic writers will tackle all your computer science assignments and deliver them on time. Let us handle all your python, java, ruby, JavaScript, php , C+ assignments!


While psychology may be an interesting subject, you may lack sufficient time to handle your assignments. Don’t despair; by using our academic writing service, you can be assured of perfect grades. Moreover, your grades will be consistent.


Engineering is quite a demanding subject. Students face a lot of pressure and barely have enough time to do what they love to do. Our academic writing service got you covered! Our engineering specialists follow the paper instructions and ensure timely delivery of the paper.


In the nursing course, you may have difficulties with literature reviews, annotated bibliographies, critical essays, and other assignments. Our nursing assignment writers will offer you professional nursing paper help at low prices.


Truth be told, sociology papers can be quite exhausting. Our academic writing service relieves you of fatigue, pressure, and stress. You can relax and have peace of mind as our academic writers handle your sociology assignment.


We take pride in having some of the best business writers in the industry. Our business writers have a lot of experience in the field. They are reliable, and you can be assured of a high-grade paper. They are able to handle business papers of any subject, length, deadline, and difficulty!


We boast of having some of the most experienced statistics experts in the industry. Our statistics experts have diverse skills, expertise, and knowledge to handle any kind of assignment. They have access to all kinds of software to get your assignment done.


Writing a law essay may prove to be an insurmountable obstacle, especially when you need to know the peculiarities of the legislative framework. Take advantage of our top-notch law specialists and get superb grades and 100% satisfaction.

What discipline/subjects do you deal in?

We have highlighted some of the most popular subjects we handle above. Those are just a tip of the iceberg. We deal in all academic disciplines since our writers are as diverse. They have been drawn from across all disciplines, and orders are assigned to those writers believed to be the best in the field. In a nutshell, there is no task we cannot handle; all you need to do is place your order with us. As long as your instructions are clear, just trust we shall deliver irrespective of the discipline.

Are your writers competent enough to handle my paper?

Our essay writers are graduates with bachelor's, masters, Ph.D., and doctorate degrees in various subjects. The minimum requirement to be an essay writer with our essay writing service is to have a college degree. All our academic writers have a minimum of two years of academic writing. We have a stringent recruitment process to ensure that we get only the most competent essay writers in the industry. We also ensure that the writers are handsomely compensated for their value. The majority of our writers are native English speakers. As such, the fluency of language and grammar is impeccable.

What if I don’t like the paper?

There is a very low likelihood that you won’t like the paper.

Reasons being:

  • When assigning your order, we match the paper’s discipline with the writer’s field/specialization. Since all our writers are graduates, we match the paper’s subject with the field the writer studied. For instance, if it’s a nursing paper, only a nursing graduate and writer will handle it. Furthermore, all our writers have academic writing experience and top-notch research skills.
  • We have a quality assurance that reviews the paper before it gets to you. As such, we ensure that you get a paper that meets the required standard and will most definitely make the grade.

In the event that you don’t like your paper:

  • The writer will revise the paper up to your pleasing. You have unlimited revisions. You simply need to highlight what specifically you don’t like about the paper, and the writer will make the amendments. The paper will be revised until you are satisfied. Revisions are free of charge
  • We will have a different writer write the paper from scratch.
  • Last resort, if the above does not work, we will refund your money.

Will the professor find out I didn’t write the paper myself?

Not at all. All papers are written from scratch. There is no way your tutor or instructor will realize that you did not write the paper yourself. In fact, we recommend using our assignment help services for consistent results.

What if the paper is plagiarized?

We check all papers for plagiarism before we submit them. We use powerful plagiarism checking software such as SafeAssign, LopesWrite, and Turnitin. We also upload the plagiarism report so that you can review it. We understand that plagiarism is academic suicide. We would not take the risk of submitting plagiarized work and jeopardize your academic journey. Furthermore, we do not sell or use prewritten papers, and each paper is written from scratch.

When will I get my paper?

You determine when you get the paper by setting the deadline when placing the order. All papers are delivered within the deadline. We are well aware that we operate in a time-sensitive industry. As such, we have laid out strategies to ensure that the client receives the paper on time and they never miss the deadline. We understand that papers that are submitted late have some points deducted. We do not want you to miss any points due to late submission. We work on beating deadlines by huge margins in order to ensure that you have ample time to review the paper before you submit it.

Will anyone find out that I used your services?

We have a privacy and confidentiality policy that guides our work. We NEVER share any customer information with third parties. Noone will ever know that you used our assignment help services. It’s only between you and us. We are bound by our policies to protect the customer’s identity and information. All your information, such as your names, phone number, email, order information, and so on, are protected. We have robust security systems that ensure that your data is protected. Hacking our systems is close to impossible, and it has never happened.

How our Assignment  Help Service Works

1.      Place an order

You fill all the paper instructions in the order form. Make sure you include all the helpful materials so that our academic writers can deliver the perfect paper. It will also help to eliminate unnecessary revisions.

2.      Pay for the order

Proceed to pay for the paper so that it can be assigned to one of our expert academic writers. The paper subject is matched with the writer’s area of specialization.

3.      Track the progress

You communicate with the writer and know about the progress of the paper. The client can ask the writer for drafts of the paper. The client can upload extra material and include additional instructions from the lecturer. Receive a paper.

4.      Download the paper

The paper is sent to your email and uploaded to your personal account. You also get a plagiarism report attached to your paper.

smile and order essaysmile and order essay PLACE THIS ORDER OR A SIMILAR ORDER WITH US TODAY AND GET A PERFECT SCORE!!!

order custom essay paper