The underlying differences in gender in sports

  1. Objective

The main objectives of this research are to analyze the underlying differences in gender in sports. For a long time, people have been trying to find the differences in the physical attributes, and the factor attributed to the differences in performance of both genders inequality applies in every country (Pedlar,2017). This has been proposed as one of the reasons why there are inherent differences in sports participation by the two genders. Other researchers believe that the differences are due to the underlying economic support that has promoted the male sports while the female games have remained behind. Apart from this, the following are the other significant ejectives addressed in the research as well.

  • To determine various initiatives that can be taken to reduce the gap that exists in the sport between the female gender and the male gender.
  • To determine the strategies that can be undertaken for equality in sports and how to promote women in athletics
  • To analyze the disadvantages that the community gets from the existing inequality in sports and athletics between men and women
  • To analyze the underlying biological advantages that have been ascribed to in explaining the reasons for differences in performance between genders such as the and underlying genetic makeup for men
  • To recognize the gap in sports and the role that it plays in the overall society and the economic significance


  1. Thesis or hypothesis


This work hypothesizes that the existing gender gap in sports between males and females has robbed the society of extensive development in sport and overall economics and performance of the society. Such problems are well rooted in the beliefs of the society and have a long history of differences in individual gender and sexual orientation among the people. Biological differences have been used as a basic explanation for the lack of proceedings in the female sports like the majority of the sportsperson, and it is believed that the females do not have the capability for the genetic strength to attract spectators in sports (Comeig et al., 2016). The majority of the sports are male-based, starting from some of the most lucrative sports such as boxing football athletics golf, among others. The NFL and the NBA players are some of the most highly paid athletes. However, the payment is only directed towards the male participants, with female participants having to share the limited resources because of the lack of attraction in female participants. An argument can be made in terms of Interest where the television rights determine the amount of money that the athletes are being paid. This will continue to be a problem until society finds ways of dealing with it (Pedlar, 2017). This interest is only created because of the underlying cultural norms where people have associated with female sports with a lack of interest as men are well compensated for their efforts as athletes.

  1. Counter-argument(s) and theories,

Some various arguments and theories have been put forward to explain the ongoing differences in gaps between female and male participation in sports. Sports scientists have wondered why there is a gap between women’s and men’s participation, and the influence of nature on performance have been the key argument used in explaining this difference. One theory that has been put up is the biological reasoning that presumes that men are generally strong and that those of the men cannot match their abilities. At the same time, people have been promoting female sports without success, and the underlying issues have to be questioned again.  For instance, some sports have females performing even better than men. One of them is the tennis that has seen several female athletes rise to the top of the world and become inspirations for the people. The state of gender equity has become a global perspective with diversity in sports, becoming a major challenge if they are rooted in the cultural perspectives. Diversity in sports cultures and organizations is an idea that is experienced throughout the club. In Europe, female athletes represent around 44% of the delegations, and the gender disparity in Europe is limited as compared to other areas (Bruinvels et al., 2017). Mediterranean societies are still struggling with the idea of gender balance, and sports is one sector of the society that has continuously suffered because of support and various other ideas. It can also be argued that the problem of biology has a role to play. Athletic performance is based on various multifunctional factors and is also influenced by numerous biological and anatomic variations in human beings. It is these differences that have resulted in athletic competition and sports in general, where the differences in biological and anatomic capabilities result in various athletes becoming better than others. Environmental factors are also key to words determining the success of individuals in sports. These factors affect the participation and athletic development of individuals. Several athletes have found ways of improving their abilities in sports through extensive training. They have pushed themselves beyond the limits to gain the upper hand during sports performance. The cultural values of social individuals’ abilities that affect their participation.

When it comes to the Olympic sports, there are different classifications as men and women compete differently showing the presumable weakness or disadvantages that both sexes have in terms of the competition the long-standing issue surfaced after the 2012 London Olympics and have remained the same for a long time despite different attempts by various feminists and female campaigners.

  1. Findings

This research will focus on factors that have prevented the female gender from succeeding in the sports and whether the biological advantage is that are seeing in men are a factor. Men have enhanced muscle mass and therefore experience a high level of Surgeon carrying capacity as compared to women. The first part will analyze the ongoing economic differences that have resulted in women remaining or being left further behind in terms of the overall performance (Strandbu, Bakken, and Sletten, 2019). The other section should analyze the biological makeup that has also proved to be a significant factor in sports.

For a long time, sports have been recognized as one of the most significant social aspects of society. Sports promote education and intercultural relationship as well as improving an individual’s development. These benefits are realized regardless of the participant’s gender and race or their regional or political affiliation. However, the female competition only became included in the Olympics in the year 2012, showing how female sports had been ignored for a long time. The gap in gender in sports has remained significant due to numerous biological differences that affect the performance (Pedlar,2017). Despite recently closing, the considerable gap is also influenced by the limited opportunities together with the existing socioeconomic factors that prevent the full female participation in sports across the globe. The cultural environment needs to be credible, along with the scientific discussions that affect the psychological methods of determining the progress of female performances. The purpose of this research is to examine the main issues that underlie the existing gender differences in sports and how it has been perceived in from the global perspective. Social, political factors have to be analyzed to determine the ultimate effect of female participation in sports and Performance.

Analysis and conclusion

Various theories explain the reasons why there is such a huge gender disparity in sports. Biological response proposes that females have been weak, and therefore their performances are not as entertaining as those of the men. However, it is essential to realize the genetic makeup of men and women. This should not be used as an excuse to discriminate against women in sports. Gender equality has been one of the most significant issues and challenges in Society. Throughout history, there have been numerous accounts of all the problems that have been faced by women, especially when it comes to matters of equality in the relationship and other societal values such as education and career (Lagaert, and Roose, 2018). Because of the differences in cultural understanding and ethical values, women have, for a long time being marginalized in different aspects as some societies fail to recognize them in social events. In sports, society had gone through leaps and bounds to provide equal opportunities for women despite their social norms that have to be identified and addressed before these values received (Pedlar,2017). Research on gender equity have discussed numerous recommendations, and this research will also address the pertaining idea of fairness in sports and what should be done in solving the situation. In the United States, various laws have been passed through time, including title ix, which was initiated by the government to ensure that they are equal opportunities in education for both males and females.

The same Title IX has contributed to the numerous changes that have been seen in sport, including increasing the number of participants in female sports. Despite this progress, there is still an extensive amount of scrutiny and stereotype that are well-rooted for the social norms creatures that are fragile and not capable of supporting the limit school needs Sport. Women are still seen to be passive in different ways as a sport has been viewed as a more masculine entity that women do not belong to (Capranica et al., 2013). Various cultures Steel see female participation in sport as intruding to the Melbourne Diaries with recent research giving evidence of society’s not allowing their women to participate in sports. Despite these opportunities, the underlying problems of reducing the image of women in sport is based on a stereotype that can only be addressed through the use of extensive changes in both society and social institutions. Social policies have done looking to create opportunities that failed to pressurize sporting institutions that would remove the hegemonic sports that have been based on muscular view. It is, therefore, vital to reduce the ongoing stereotype against women and to provide equal opportunities in sports governing bodies. It can be concluded that sports can act as a significant sign of a change in society so that everyone can have a chance of success.


Capranica, L., Piacentini, M. F., Halson, S., Myburgh, K. H., Ogasawara, E., & Millard-Stafford,             M. (2013). The gender gap in sports performance: equity influences equality.    International journal of sports physiology and performance8(1), 99-103.


Lagaert, S., & Roose, H. (2018). The gender gap in sport event attendance in Europe: The impact of macro-level gender equalityInternational Review for the Sociology of Sport53(5),        533-549.

Strandbu, Å., Bakken, A., & Sletten, M. A. (2019). Exploring the minority-majority gap in sport  participation: different patterns for boys and girls? Sport in Society22(4), 606-624.

Bruinvels, G., Burden, R. J., McGregor, A. J., Ackerman, K. E., Dooley, M., Richards, T., & Pedlar, C. (2017). Sport, exercise, and the menstrual cycle: where is the research?.

Comeig, I., Grau-Grau, A., Jaramillo-Gutiérrez, A., & Ramírez, F. (2016). Gender, self-confidence, sports, and preferences for competition. Journal of Business Research69(4), 1418-1422.

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