Sports have been found to have positive impacts on the physical development of young people this is according to Fairclough, S., & Stratton, G. (2004) however various sports activities have as well been linked to various health-related concerns. Sporting activities such as boxing, karate, judo and even football have all been associated with head injuries. These sports have been associated with cerebral swelling, concussions, and even CTE. Repeated sports head injuries have been found to increase the occurrence of future concussions. In such circumstances, a safe return to play formula should be implemented. Athletes are advised not to resume play before the symptoms of the concussions are fully resolved.
In serious situations where sports activities have led to brain damage, athletes should not be allowed to continue participating in sports. This study shall, therefore, try to establish the relationship between sporting activities and health.
Head injuries usually result from blows on the head, fall or collision, especially during the sporting activities. It’s reported that severe and more serious cases of head injuries have been witnessed among young Japanese judo trainees, this comes after the introduction of martial arts in Japan as a mandatory subject in Japanese junior high school. This move has however led to serious concerns about the safety of young Japanese about head injuries and subsequent concussions.
It has been noted that in addition to improving adiposity and cardiovascular health, regular physical activity and sports have been associated with improved academic performance, Haapala, E. (2012). However, this project shall seek to establish the impacts of sports engagement on student performance about health.
Purpose of the study
This project study is focused on identifying the relationship between sports activities, health, and student academic performance. The study shall seek to unravel the underlying impacts of sports activities on students other than the known positive effects on their physical development.
To achieve its main preset agenda, the project solely relied on the following objectives:
The hypothesis of the study
The study had been guided by the following research hypotheses;
The project study had been guided by the following research questions
This study seeks to employ a systematic review of available literature on the post-acute effects of concussion provides an introduction to the importance of this study. Using data from a group of newly recruited athletes participating in school sports in a public school district to assess for changes in school attendance and academic performance following concussion concerning ankle or leg injury
The study employs a Meta-analytic analysis of literature to determine the impacts of sports on academic success.
Justification of the study
Several research works have been done on the impacts of sports on physical body development, however little or no research has been done regarding the issue on the effects of sports about health and student academic performance.
There are various negative implications of sports in education. The very known issues include;
It’s noted that students always feel a substantial pressure to perform in both field i.e. academics and as well in the pitch. However, experts have argued that in case of a drop in student grades, students involved should subsequently not be allowed to play until such a point when their grades shall have improved. Students who favor sports to academics may at times fail to notice a change in their grades. It could mean that students who perform below average in certain subjects and need to uplift their grades might not be seen in the fields at all or less often as they used to do.
Students and stress effect
In some institutions where sports have as much value as academic work, athlete students always feel the pressure of having to conform to the regulation of the sport and maintain their classwork. This always results in stress as they strive to maintain their academic eligibility while advancing through their years in school.
Stress as always been a major factor that affects peoples’ lives, some works have been done regarding the implications of stress on academic performance Jones, J., & Hardy, L. E. (1990), the academic performance of a student plays a crucial role in determining the next stage in their future lives, an excess in stress can result from adverse and prolonged effects such as disinterest in attending classes, inability to understand and ultimately dramatic drop in student grades.
Prolonged stress can result in mental distress and anxiety, anxiety and stress have a substantial negative effect on their social, emotional and academic success of students. Stress also results in depression and has become a source of mental problems and can result in academic frustrations, academic anxiety, and academic pressure. Beilock, S. (2011).
The mental health of students has become a serious problem among high school students and policymakers because of the increasing incidents of suicides. Among athlete students who do not perform well in class, there is a huge parental pressure to perform academically, this can as well result in academic stress.
Sports and injuries
Sports injuries always occur in the form of bruises, fractures and direct impact by fall on objects. There are two types of sports injuries; acute and chronic sports injuries. Types of injuries such as sprained ankle caused by awkward landing are examples of acute injuries, these types occur suddenly.
On the other hand, chronic injuries are caused by repeated overuse of muscle tissues. A poor technique during training and plays can contribute to chronic injuries. Karpman, S., Reid, P., Phillips, L., Qin, Z., & Gross, D. P. (2016
There are however other examples of injuries include; bone fractures, bruises, concussions, cuts and abrasions, dental damage, arm string strain, nose injuries, and dehydration.
Severe swelling and pain resulting from sports injuries can negatively impact a student’s academics. Nose bleeding, weakness and inability to walk due to injuries can deter students from attending classes; this ultimately affects their academic performance in the long run.
Serious sports injuries that may require surgery may interfere with student guidelines of attending top of his /her academic obligations. Serious strains on grades can result in situations where the injuries do not heal within the required least time. As a result of sports injuries, students may feel dizzy and tired and worse situations; experience difficulty in breathing, when this happens, students may be forced to stay away from classes for some time
Sports and chronic traumatic encephalopathy
CTE can be described as a disease associated with repeated brain trauma caused due to concussions among sports athletes. According to the neurology journal, the repeated trauma can affect people in various ways including change in mood and behavior and loss of memory. It can also affect the way of thinking.
The main cause of CTE can be said to be due to a lack of proper and efficient skull protection. When participating in sports activities, we always tend to be more concerned about the competitions involved while forgetting about our safety. Sports such as hockey and boxing have all had greater in the cause of CTE.
A study conducted by Robert A. Stern, a professor of neurology and neurosurgery at Boston University School of Medicine, on 36 male athletes showed that at least 22 of them had behavior and mood issues while a good number of up to 11 had memory and thinking problems. However, only 3 of them were found to have no issues with CTE.
It’s worth noting that in the event the above problems such as memory loss, mood and behavior change fall on a school going student due to sports engagement, their academics are bound to experience a negative turn.
CTE has been associated with loss of brain skills over the long run however CTE effects can be minimized by ensuring that the head is properly shielded before engaging in any sporting activity with serious risk to the head, this will successfully limit the number of head injuries experienced in the pitch of play. Besides, in the case of concussions, there should be enough healing time before resuming the other usual gaming activities.
Sports activities have registered positive impacts in terms of health and academics, however for select cases where sports have negatively influenced academic performance. Injuries can impact on the physical performance as well the academic performance. Sports are associated with injuries and risks that impact academic success. It is worth noting that in situations where severe injuries are experienced, valuable academic time is lost, a good amount of time that could have been spent on studying or even attending classes, this has been found to mainly affect performance theoretical courses.
Research works indicate that young athletes with concussion injury are at risk for a decline in academic performance this is due to increased absence from school which results in decreased instruction time, social isolation, and other factors that may negatively impact academic achievement. While giving attention to the enormous contributions of sports to the physical development and academics, it’s important to take into consideration the necessary precautions to minimize the health-related effects that affect academic performance in the long run.
Fairclough, S., & Stratton, G. (2004). ‘Physical education makes you fit and healthy’. Physical education’s contribution to young people’s physical activity levels. Health education research, 20(1), 14-23.
Haapala, E. (2012). Physical activity, academic performance, and cognition in children and adolescents. A systematic review. Baltic Journal of health and physical activity, 4(1), 53.
Jones, J., & Hardy, L. E. (1990). Stress and performance in sport. John Wiley & Sons.
Karpman, S., Reid, P., Phillips, L., Qin, Z., & Gross, D. P. (2016). Combative sports injuries: an Edmonton retrospective. Clinical journal of sports medicine, 26(4), 332-334.
Ramirez, G., & Beilock, S. L. (2011). Writing about testing worries boosts exam performance in the classroom. science, 331(6014), 211-213.
Riley, D. O., Robbins, C. A., Cantu, R. C., & Stern, R. A. (2015). Chronic traumatic encephalopathy: contributions from the Boston University Center for the Study of Traumatic Encephalopathy. Brain injury, 29(2), 154-163.
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