Sociological Explanations for Social Inequality

Outline and assess the main sociological explanations for social inequality.

`Inequalities are connected. Gender inequality is impacted by racism, class, homophobia, transphobia, discrimination against disabilities and other issues` (Zevallos, 2014). Sociological theories try to explain these social inequalities. This essay will outline three sociological theories and explain how they account for social inequalities in society today.

Functionalism origins from the works of Emile Durkheim, who was curious in how social order is achievable and how society remains stable. The theory focuses on the macro level of social structure. Functionalism interprets each part of society, and how it contributes to the stability of the whole of society. With the functionalist theory, the different parts of society are composed of social institutions, each with different needs, and each of has a role for the shape of society. The core institutions defined by sociology include family, government, economy, media, education, and religion. An institution only exists because it serves a critical role in the functioning of society. If it no longer serves a role, an institution will die away. When new needs arise, new institutions will be created to meet the particular need.

Functionalists believe that people in society have an organic analogy in common and society is characterised by consensus. Social structures reinforce norms, values and beliefs creating value consensus and stability. Values, norms and beliefs transmits social norms and values resulting in social cohesion, enabling society to function and a form of social order. Functionalists believe all societies are unequal, and stratification is favourable for society. They argue that meritocracy exists, and inequality is justifiable in society. The talented and , while the poor individuals remain poor, because they do not work hard enough, for the greater roles. Functionalist`s justify social inequality by arguing stratification and inequalities are important for society to continue to function.

Marxists and Feminists point out that Functionalists have a `rose tinted view of society`, focusing only on the positive functions that institutions perform, ignoring the negatives in which institutions and socialisation can have on certain people. Feminists argue that the traditional nuclear family, which is seen as preferable by Parsons, oppresses women, as they are expected to fulfil the housewife role, which makes women dependent on men for an income, and ends up benefitting men who benefit from womens domestic labour. Functionalists also ignore the really dark side of family life for example domestic violence and sexual abuse. The Functionalist`s theory is ideological, society needs nuclear families to provide effective socialisation, this in itself reinforces social order. Functionalism ignores inequalities based on class, gender and ethnicity. Radical Feminists would argue against the idea that the nuclear family is required, as most single parent families, do just a good job as socialising children as nuclear families. Functionalists would still argue that most people are better with clear boundaries, provided by socialisation through institutions as this prevents anomy, which could be regarded as a curse of modern societies. Arguments against this view, is possibly LGTBIQ community, despite most people being socialised into traditional gender norms, many people today develop LGTBIQ identities. `It as if people are just pretending to obey social norms, but when you dig deeper and look at things more qualitatively, this isnt necessarily the case, and everyone is doing their own thing and it is easy to overstate how free people are people may think their free, but human action is still patterned and things like suicide and educational success still seem to be shaped by an individuals social background` (Thompson, 2016).

Feminism is `the advocacy of womens rights on the grounds of political, social, and economic equality to men` (The Feminist Tango, No date). Feminists have taken ideas from Marxism and places gender inequalities at a higher significance than class inequalities, because women are oppressed by men. Feminists argue feminist contributions are ignored by male theorists, other sociological theories are sexist towards women and women are ignored from social research. Feminists argue inequalities exist for women because of gender stratification in a patriarchal society. Feminists argue to tackle these inequalities faced by women, that a change in society is required, advocacy for women in all areas of social life and equal opportunities in both private and public areas of life. `Feminists don`t see themselves as victims, but recognise that society will never change without intervention` (Browning, 2017). Feminists would identify patriarchy as the cause of inequalities between genders, men tend to be in position of authority within the home and the workplace, they control the decision making. `Feminists explain social inequality as men are dominating and oppressing women which is unfair, women will not accept it` (Thompson, 2018). Campaigning for women`s rights, equal pay and more equal opportunities. Often referencing to the triple burden women face and glass ceiling women may hit, `the glass-ceiling reduces the capacity of women to reach higher positions in their career` (Thompson, 2018). Jan Phal (1993) found women are economically disadvantaged within the home as men tend to control and manage a couples income, in the workplace womens careers are often cut short to raise children, constraining their lifetime earning potential. When women do reach senior positions, their pay is significantly less than their male counterparts such as at the BBC (Thompson, 2018). `Feminists ignore the ability of successful women who rise to the top as well as raise a family` (Thompson, 2018). Feminists also perhaps displays discrimination and limits diversity towards women, as feminists believe all women are exactly the same and ignores discrimination faced by some men, believing the male role is socially constructed.

Marxism, a sociological theory is `the political and economic philosophy of Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels in which the concept of class struggle plays a central role in understanding societys allegedly inevitable development from bourgeois oppression under capitalism to a socialist and ultimately classless society` (Your Dictionary, No date). Marxists argue society is characterised by conflict as a result of the class and capitalist system. The bourgeoisie who have wealth and status, while the proletariat have not, the proletariat are required to sell their labour, while exploited by bourgeoisie and the capitalist system. The capitalist system, creates and reinforces social inequality, as the rich control ideas regarding society through education, work and the media, so the poor believe and are taught that capitalism is beneficial to them.

Marxists do not accept that, `not all societies are class societies` (Livesey, No date). `Marxists have had problem explaining something like the Caste system operating in India in class terms` (Livesey, No date). Marxists have tended to use a definition of class that surrounds economic relationships and is communism inevitable, ever? `Sir Karl Popper argued that the theories employed by Marxists are non-scientific because they do not admit to the possibility of ever being falsified` (Livesey, No date). Critics of Marxism also argue the theory `of failing to produce theories that can be tested` (Livesey, No date).

So, do sociological theories explain social inequalities effectively, in society today? Perhaps. Or is it, `the way people behave socially, through racist or sexist practices and other forms of discrimination, tends to trickle down and affect the opportunities and wealth, individuals can generate for themselves` Thomas M (Science Daily, No date)?


  • Browning, H. (2017)Feminism and social inequalities.Available at: (Accessed: 30 January 2019).
  • Livesey, C. (No date)Social Inequality: Theories: Marxism.Available at: (Accessed: 31 January 2019).
  • Science Daily (No date)Social inequality.Available at: (Accessed: 31 January 2019).
  • The Feminist Tango(No date) Available at: https://yesnofeminismtango.weebly..html (Accessed: 31 January 2019).
  • Thompson, K. (2016)Criticisms of the Functionalist View of Society. Available at: (Accessed: 31 January 2019).
  • Your Dictionary (No date)Marxism. Available at:(Accessed: 31 January 2019)
  • Zevallos, Z. (2014)Transgender women`s experiences of gender inequality at work.Available at: (Accessed: 31 January 2019).


Get Professional Assignment Help Cheaply

Buy Custom Essay

Are you busy and do not have time to handle your assignment? Are you scared that your paper will not make the grade? Do you have responsibilities that may hinder you from turning in your assignment on time? Are you tired and can barely handle your assignment? Are your grades inconsistent?

Whichever your reason is, it is valid! You can get professional academic help from our service at affordable rates. We have a team of professional academic writers who can handle all your assignments.

Why Choose Our Academic Writing Service?

  • Plagiarism free papers
  • Timely delivery
  • Any deadline
  • Skilled, Experienced Native English Writers
  • Subject-relevant academic writer
  • Adherence to paper instructions
  • Ability to tackle bulk assignments
  • Reasonable prices
  • 24/7 Customer Support
  • Get superb grades consistently

Online Academic Help With Different Subjects


Students barely have time to read. We got you! Have your literature essay or book review written without having the hassle of reading the book. You can get your literature paper custom-written for you by our literature specialists.


Do you struggle with finance? No need to torture yourself if finance is not your cup of tea. You can order your finance paper from our academic writing service and get 100% original work from competent finance experts.

Computer science

Computer science is a tough subject. Fortunately, our computer science experts are up to the match. No need to stress and have sleepless nights. Our academic writers will tackle all your computer science assignments and deliver them on time. Let us handle all your python, java, ruby, JavaScript, php , C+ assignments!


While psychology may be an interesting subject, you may lack sufficient time to handle your assignments. Don’t despair; by using our academic writing service, you can be assured of perfect grades. Moreover, your grades will be consistent.


Engineering is quite a demanding subject. Students face a lot of pressure and barely have enough time to do what they love to do. Our academic writing service got you covered! Our engineering specialists follow the paper instructions and ensure timely delivery of the paper.


In the nursing course, you may have difficulties with literature reviews, annotated bibliographies, critical essays, and other assignments. Our nursing assignment writers will offer you professional nursing paper help at low prices.


Truth be told, sociology papers can be quite exhausting. Our academic writing service relieves you of fatigue, pressure, and stress. You can relax and have peace of mind as our academic writers handle your sociology assignment.


We take pride in having some of the best business writers in the industry. Our business writers have a lot of experience in the field. They are reliable, and you can be assured of a high-grade paper. They are able to handle business papers of any subject, length, deadline, and difficulty!


We boast of having some of the most experienced statistics experts in the industry. Our statistics experts have diverse skills, expertise, and knowledge to handle any kind of assignment. They have access to all kinds of software to get your assignment done.


Writing a law essay may prove to be an insurmountable obstacle, especially when you need to know the peculiarities of the legislative framework. Take advantage of our top-notch law specialists and get superb grades and 100% satisfaction.

What discipline/subjects do you deal in?

We have highlighted some of the most popular subjects we handle above. Those are just a tip of the iceberg. We deal in all academic disciplines since our writers are as diverse. They have been drawn from across all disciplines, and orders are assigned to those writers believed to be the best in the field. In a nutshell, there is no task we cannot handle; all you need to do is place your order with us. As long as your instructions are clear, just trust we shall deliver irrespective of the discipline.

Are your writers competent enough to handle my paper?

Our essay writers are graduates with bachelor's, masters, Ph.D., and doctorate degrees in various subjects. The minimum requirement to be an essay writer with our essay writing service is to have a college degree. All our academic writers have a minimum of two years of academic writing. We have a stringent recruitment process to ensure that we get only the most competent essay writers in the industry. We also ensure that the writers are handsomely compensated for their value. The majority of our writers are native English speakers. As such, the fluency of language and grammar is impeccable.

What if I don’t like the paper?

There is a very low likelihood that you won’t like the paper.

Reasons being:

  • When assigning your order, we match the paper’s discipline with the writer’s field/specialization. Since all our writers are graduates, we match the paper’s subject with the field the writer studied. For instance, if it’s a nursing paper, only a nursing graduate and writer will handle it. Furthermore, all our writers have academic writing experience and top-notch research skills.
  • We have a quality assurance that reviews the paper before it gets to you. As such, we ensure that you get a paper that meets the required standard and will most definitely make the grade.

In the event that you don’t like your paper:

  • The writer will revise the paper up to your pleasing. You have unlimited revisions. You simply need to highlight what specifically you don’t like about the paper, and the writer will make the amendments. The paper will be revised until you are satisfied. Revisions are free of charge
  • We will have a different writer write the paper from scratch.
  • Last resort, if the above does not work, we will refund your money.

Will the professor find out I didn’t write the paper myself?

Not at all. All papers are written from scratch. There is no way your tutor or instructor will realize that you did not write the paper yourself. In fact, we recommend using our assignment help services for consistent results.

What if the paper is plagiarized?

We check all papers for plagiarism before we submit them. We use powerful plagiarism checking software such as SafeAssign, LopesWrite, and Turnitin. We also upload the plagiarism report so that you can review it. We understand that plagiarism is academic suicide. We would not take the risk of submitting plagiarized work and jeopardize your academic journey. Furthermore, we do not sell or use prewritten papers, and each paper is written from scratch.

When will I get my paper?

You determine when you get the paper by setting the deadline when placing the order. All papers are delivered within the deadline. We are well aware that we operate in a time-sensitive industry. As such, we have laid out strategies to ensure that the client receives the paper on time and they never miss the deadline. We understand that papers that are submitted late have some points deducted. We do not want you to miss any points due to late submission. We work on beating deadlines by huge margins in order to ensure that you have ample time to review the paper before you submit it.

Will anyone find out that I used your services?

We have a privacy and confidentiality policy that guides our work. We NEVER share any customer information with third parties. Noone will ever know that you used our assignment help services. It’s only between you and us. We are bound by our policies to protect the customer’s identity and information. All your information, such as your names, phone number, email, order information, and so on, are protected. We have robust security systems that ensure that your data is protected. Hacking our systems is close to impossible, and it has never happened.

How our Assignment  Help Service Works

1.      Place an order

You fill all the paper instructions in the order form. Make sure you include all the helpful materials so that our academic writers can deliver the perfect paper. It will also help to eliminate unnecessary revisions.

2.      Pay for the order

Proceed to pay for the paper so that it can be assigned to one of our expert academic writers. The paper subject is matched with the writer’s area of specialization.

3.      Track the progress

You communicate with the writer and know about the progress of the paper. The client can ask the writer for drafts of the paper. The client can upload extra material and include additional instructions from the lecturer. Receive a paper.

4.      Download the paper

The paper is sent to your email and uploaded to your personal account. You also get a plagiarism report attached to your paper.

smile and order essaysmile and order essay PLACE THIS ORDER OR A SIMILAR ORDER WITH US TODAY AND GET A PERFECT SCORE!!!

order custom essay paper