Safety and Hygiene of Crew and Passengers
Based on Fisher et al. (2018), there are several ways in which the safety and hygiene of crew and passengers can be promoted in a cruise ship. First is sanitation. Cruise ships should be regularly cleaned and sanitized professionally to promote hygiene. Rooms should be cleaned at least once a day and common areas should be cleaned continuously through the day. At the end of the night the entire ship should be cleaned with the appropriate cleaning supplies. In addition, the staff has a rigorous safety structure to monitor and ensure that the sanitation work on the ship is the best. Continuous cleaning and sanitization of the ship lowers the chances of sprad of any infections within the ship. Also, cleaning of the shipo also applies to foods and the utensils used in eating or drinking. Food should be properly cleaned to avoid stomach infections or spread of other food related comlications.
Hygiene and sanitation in the cruise ships can be furtjer ensured through purification of air within the ship. It is necessary to improve the ventilation system of the cruise ship to ensure that the air on the ship is fresh and circulates and will not hide viruses. Liu & Chang (2020) explain that most viruses spread through air or droplets. In the case of covid-19, it spreads through both. Liu & Chang (2020) further explain that the continuous cleaning of surfaces in the ship was facilitating the spread of viruses in cruise ships because these clreaning agents are aerosol. As such the form droplets which remain in the atmosphere and increase the spread of viruses such as the flu or corona virus. Therefore, to eliminate this, Liu & Chang (2020) propose the use of purifiers and ventilators in the ship to clean the air and eliminate any pathogens that might be in it. The cruise industry poroposes the installation of modern ventilation systems that will replace the air in cruise ships in intervals of six miniutes at most. One such ventilation system is the HVAC system that is fitted with HEPA filters. Thse ventilation systems work by drawing ocean air from the outside and expelling the air that was within the ship. The air is drwn from one side of the cruise ship and expelled from another side through the exhaust. This process of drawing and expelling air will also ensure that there are no droplets that are left in the rooms and common places of the cruise ship. There are even stronger higher grade ventilation systems that can ber insrtalled in ships. These ssystems continuously c;ean the air by scrubbing it off of pathogens that may be floating around which provides more protection to crew and passenfgers and also increases the hygiene and safety of those on board. In addition to these measures, an anti-epidemic kit should be provided to both crew and passengers. This kit is necessary in case of any pandemic or health conditions bvecause it aallows the crew and passengers to feel out how they feel on a daily basis. This enables the monitoring of the health of crew and passangers which may aid with screening and early detention of illnesses thus preventing fast spread and facilitating easy control of spread as well as treatment.
Screening is another way in which safety and hygiene can be promoted. Screenings enable the passengers and crew to state if they have any health issues and enables the crew to prepare for any health emergencies that may arise during the trip. Screenings in the case of a pandemic such as the covid-19 pandemic enable eraly detection of any viruses in the cruise ship which then facilitates easy curbing of its spread. Early detection allows the crew to conduct early disembarkation of infected passengers or crew which promotes the safety of those not infrcted. It also allows those who are not infected to take preventive actions. Mouchtouri et al. (2020) explains that early identification of the first infected persons with covid-19 in cruise ships when te virus hit is what saved a lot of lives and reduced the chances of infections. Mouchtouri et al. (2020) continues to explain that in the case of covid-19, early detection and disembarkation of infected crew and passsangers was done based on the infection rate and the proximity of emergency and close contacts of the passenmgers or the crew. Disembarkation of infected passagers and crew slows down the spread of any virus within the cruise ship and also reduces the number of infected eprsons who would be quarantining in the ship making it easuier for the medical peersonell in the ship to handle those who cannot be disembarked. Screenings also require passangers and crew to fill in relevant health information which is helpful in instances of disembarkation. Visa information, diertary restrictions,allergies and any medication information are most useful for this puroose to maintain the health and safety of the passangers and crew.
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