Passing policies endorsing multiculturalism


The term ‘refugee’ as defined under the UN Convention for Refugees, 1951 is applied to determine permissibility for entering other nations (Jupp, 2003). According to the UNHCR (United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees) (UNHCR, 2004), the word refugee refers to an individual, who, because of a justifiable fear of persecution on grounds of race, nationality, religion, political views, or membership in any specific social group, moves out of his/her country of origin, and cannot or (because of fear) is not poised to take advantage of home country protection.

Refugees in Canada

Historically, Canada is renowned all over the world for instituting a pluralistic structure, as well as officially passing policies endorsing multiculturalism; the country’s population has risen in terms of both number and cultural diversity owing to an inflow of migrants, recently (Winston, n.d.). As per a census report for the year 2006, Canada’s overall population comprises 19.8% residents of foreign origin, hailing from more than 200 nations (Fleras, 2012: 261). Citizens, overall, generally portray acceptance of immigrants, viewing immigration as being a positive aspect for the country (Winston, n.d.). The reason for this public opinion regarding immigration was discovered via a survey conducted in 2010; the survey revealed that immigrant labor market brought economic benefits. Further, several migrants were successful in fitting seamlessly into society in Canada (Fleras, 2012: 258). Recently, however there have been drastic modifications in immigration-related Canadian policies and discussions, generating intense political conflicts regarding immigration system efficacy and regulation; the segments of refugees and migrant workers are fiercely contested (Winston, n.d.)

Theoretical Terminology and Concepts

Conflict theory views society in the form of an unbalanced, multifaceted site wherein opposing but disproportionate groups are eternally fighting over limited, valuable resources (Fleras, 2012: 20). Winston states that conflict theory comprises two streams, namely feminist and Marxist, with class being the major concept of the latter component (Winston, n.d.). Advocates of the Marxist school perceive society to be a place of regular exploitation, with the dominant class ruling over those with lower status (i.e., working class). A scrutiny and evaluation of economic forces characteristic to exploitation, as well as profit-flow management techniques, lie at the heart of conflict theory which, over time, has undergone trivial re-conceptualizations, making people appear as active, instead of passive, subjects striving against the societal power structure. While the feminist outlook to conflict theory also perceives societal inequity and power forces at work (Winston, n.d.), theoreticians belonging to the feminist school contend that male domination (patriarchy) is not a normal or natural thing (Fleras, 2012: 21). That is, the basis of the feminist branch of conflict theory is gender-roles wherein male privileges and interests are given precedence (Winston, n.d.).

Several other models apart from conflict theory, pertaining to race, will be described and applied in this analysis (Winston, n.d.):

1. Attitudes: discrimination, Islamophobia, Eurocentrism, and

1. Actions: racial profiling, hegemony, segregation.

Race denotes a biologically-grounded societal construct encompassing grouping of individuals into hierarchical classes based on genuine or illusory qualities (Fleras, 2012: 389). This definition is the key to understanding the concepts of racialization and racism (racial/race-in-action processes). The chief issue that must be realized is that both factual and imaginary racial characteristics affect society in a very “real” way (Winston, n.d.). Discrimination is the foremost example (and debatably, definition) of this, arising from specific outlooks or preconceptions which, deliberately or otherwise, negatively impact individuals by excepting or denying someone something, owing to their identity (Fleras, 2012: 382). Another major concept, Eurocentrism can be explained as: considering European methods and philosophies as morally superior, thereby being the standard / norm (Winston, n.d; Fleras, 2012: 389). This attitude does not limit itself to the geographic territory of Europe; in fact, it broadly promotes Caucasian or “White” ideas and principles. One form of Eurocentrism is Islamophobia, (fear of Islam), wherein Muslims are racialized, and viewed as security threats and obstacles to integration (Winston, n.d.; Fleras, 2012: 386).

Winston claims that attitudes generate racist actions. Hegemony refers to the act of altering the views of a person without his/her knowledge (Winston, n.d.). Hegemony enables people in positions of authority to acquire control and obtain people’s cooperation without coercion (Fleras, 2012: 384). One example is segregation, which denotes the practice and system of grouping individuals based on ethnicity/race (Fleras, 2012: 390). It can be both intentional and forced; in this context, we will assume segregation to be third-party mandated (Winston, n.d.). Lastly, racial profiling signifies inequitable acts by people in positions of power (particularly in the law enforcement/security field) hinging on racial stereotypes for negative targeting of members of a racial group (Fleras, 2012: 389; Winston, n.d.).

Refugees: Hidden and Abused

Asylum Seekers

Canada is famous for humanitarian activities in times of global refugee crises. The country has been liberal in its refugee policies, a fact praised by some and regarded by others as a weakness in Canada’s outlook, to be exploited (Winston, n.d.). People against the Canadian refugee system, claim the nation’s refugee applicant rate to be 6 times the global standard (Fleras, 2012: 290); undocumented refugees unexpectedly entering the country via airplane, seaways or roadways are the cause for this figure (Fleras, 2012: 274). Such immigrants are not aided like those who are sponsored, unless the government recognizes them as permanent residents. They are denied essential fundamental rights, because of status discrimination (i.e. the status the government accords them on entering the country); contrary to sponsored refugees entering Canada through the same means (Winston, n.d.).

Winston believes the Canadian refugee system may also be termed as extremely ‘racialized’. For instance, 59% government-aided European refugees entered Canada in 1998, as against merely 12% African refugees (No One is Illegal: 2013), a palpable case of ‘Eurocentrism’, as it projects that the Canadian government probably feels that refugees from European countries will fit better into Canadian society (Winston, n.d.). Bias is also seen, as Europeans are Caucasian or “white,” just like most Canadians; such bias would probably cause border officials to detain those seeking sanctuary in Canada. They no longer remain citizens of their home-country, and are left stateless. The feminist approach to conflict theory can help explain gender-sensitivity of these detentions. For example, Canadian officials detained Afghan refugees, separating the women from men (Winston, n.d.). Women were a lot more inconvenienced than men when it came to adjusting to their new environment, particularly while speaking to lawyers, as the men typically were in charge of communicating with the outside world (Mountz 2011: 390). This, when taken from the feminist perspective, displays utilization of segregation by Canada for enforcing gendered hegemony (Winston, n.d.).


Fleras, Augie. (2012). Unequal relations: An introduction to race, ethnic, and aboriginal dynamics in Canada. Toronto: Pearson.

Jupp, J. (2003). There has to be a better way: a long-term refugee strategy, Arena, no 65, Blue book no. 5, pp.BB1 — BB12.

Mountz, Alison. (2011). Where asylum-seekers wait: feminist counter-topographies of sites between states. Gender, Place and Culture. 18(3), pp. 381-399

No One is Illegal. (2013). Refugee Process in Canada. No One is Illegal — Toronto. Retrieved from

UNHCR (2004). Basic facts, Who is a refugee? Retrieved from

Winston, Ly. (n.d.). A Conflict Theory Analysis of Canada’s Vulnerable Migrant Workers and Refugees. Retrieved from:

Get Professional Assignment Help Cheaply

Buy Custom Essay

Are you busy and do not have time to handle your assignment? Are you scared that your paper will not make the grade? Do you have responsibilities that may hinder you from turning in your assignment on time? Are you tired and can barely handle your assignment? Are your grades inconsistent?

Whichever your reason is, it is valid! You can get professional academic help from our service at affordable rates. We have a team of professional academic writers who can handle all your assignments.

Why Choose Our Academic Writing Service?

  • Plagiarism free papers
  • Timely delivery
  • Any deadline
  • Skilled, Experienced Native English Writers
  • Subject-relevant academic writer
  • Adherence to paper instructions
  • Ability to tackle bulk assignments
  • Reasonable prices
  • 24/7 Customer Support
  • Get superb grades consistently

Online Academic Help With Different Subjects


Students barely have time to read. We got you! Have your literature essay or book review written without having the hassle of reading the book. You can get your literature paper custom-written for you by our literature specialists.


Do you struggle with finance? No need to torture yourself if finance is not your cup of tea. You can order your finance paper from our academic writing service and get 100% original work from competent finance experts.

Computer science

Computer science is a tough subject. Fortunately, our computer science experts are up to the match. No need to stress and have sleepless nights. Our academic writers will tackle all your computer science assignments and deliver them on time. Let us handle all your python, java, ruby, JavaScript, php , C+ assignments!


While psychology may be an interesting subject, you may lack sufficient time to handle your assignments. Don’t despair; by using our academic writing service, you can be assured of perfect grades. Moreover, your grades will be consistent.


Engineering is quite a demanding subject. Students face a lot of pressure and barely have enough time to do what they love to do. Our academic writing service got you covered! Our engineering specialists follow the paper instructions and ensure timely delivery of the paper.


In the nursing course, you may have difficulties with literature reviews, annotated bibliographies, critical essays, and other assignments. Our nursing assignment writers will offer you professional nursing paper help at low prices.


Truth be told, sociology papers can be quite exhausting. Our academic writing service relieves you of fatigue, pressure, and stress. You can relax and have peace of mind as our academic writers handle your sociology assignment.


We take pride in having some of the best business writers in the industry. Our business writers have a lot of experience in the field. They are reliable, and you can be assured of a high-grade paper. They are able to handle business papers of any subject, length, deadline, and difficulty!


We boast of having some of the most experienced statistics experts in the industry. Our statistics experts have diverse skills, expertise, and knowledge to handle any kind of assignment. They have access to all kinds of software to get your assignment done.


Writing a law essay may prove to be an insurmountable obstacle, especially when you need to know the peculiarities of the legislative framework. Take advantage of our top-notch law specialists and get superb grades and 100% satisfaction.

What discipline/subjects do you deal in?

We have highlighted some of the most popular subjects we handle above. Those are just a tip of the iceberg. We deal in all academic disciplines since our writers are as diverse. They have been drawn from across all disciplines, and orders are assigned to those writers believed to be the best in the field. In a nutshell, there is no task we cannot handle; all you need to do is place your order with us. As long as your instructions are clear, just trust we shall deliver irrespective of the discipline.

Are your writers competent enough to handle my paper?

Our essay writers are graduates with bachelor's, masters, Ph.D., and doctorate degrees in various subjects. The minimum requirement to be an essay writer with our essay writing service is to have a college degree. All our academic writers have a minimum of two years of academic writing. We have a stringent recruitment process to ensure that we get only the most competent essay writers in the industry. We also ensure that the writers are handsomely compensated for their value. The majority of our writers are native English speakers. As such, the fluency of language and grammar is impeccable.

What if I don’t like the paper?

There is a very low likelihood that you won’t like the paper.

Reasons being:

  • When assigning your order, we match the paper’s discipline with the writer’s field/specialization. Since all our writers are graduates, we match the paper’s subject with the field the writer studied. For instance, if it’s a nursing paper, only a nursing graduate and writer will handle it. Furthermore, all our writers have academic writing experience and top-notch research skills.
  • We have a quality assurance that reviews the paper before it gets to you. As such, we ensure that you get a paper that meets the required standard and will most definitely make the grade.

In the event that you don’t like your paper:

  • The writer will revise the paper up to your pleasing. You have unlimited revisions. You simply need to highlight what specifically you don’t like about the paper, and the writer will make the amendments. The paper will be revised until you are satisfied. Revisions are free of charge
  • We will have a different writer write the paper from scratch.
  • Last resort, if the above does not work, we will refund your money.

Will the professor find out I didn’t write the paper myself?

Not at all. All papers are written from scratch. There is no way your tutor or instructor will realize that you did not write the paper yourself. In fact, we recommend using our assignment help services for consistent results.

What if the paper is plagiarized?

We check all papers for plagiarism before we submit them. We use powerful plagiarism checking software such as SafeAssign, LopesWrite, and Turnitin. We also upload the plagiarism report so that you can review it. We understand that plagiarism is academic suicide. We would not take the risk of submitting plagiarized work and jeopardize your academic journey. Furthermore, we do not sell or use prewritten papers, and each paper is written from scratch.

When will I get my paper?

You determine when you get the paper by setting the deadline when placing the order. All papers are delivered within the deadline. We are well aware that we operate in a time-sensitive industry. As such, we have laid out strategies to ensure that the client receives the paper on time and they never miss the deadline. We understand that papers that are submitted late have some points deducted. We do not want you to miss any points due to late submission. We work on beating deadlines by huge margins in order to ensure that you have ample time to review the paper before you submit it.

Will anyone find out that I used your services?

We have a privacy and confidentiality policy that guides our work. We NEVER share any customer information with third parties. Noone will ever know that you used our assignment help services. It’s only between you and us. We are bound by our policies to protect the customer’s identity and information. All your information, such as your names, phone number, email, order information, and so on, are protected. We have robust security systems that ensure that your data is protected. Hacking our systems is close to impossible, and it has never happened.

How our Assignment  Help Service Works

1.      Place an order

You fill all the paper instructions in the order form. Make sure you include all the helpful materials so that our academic writers can deliver the perfect paper. It will also help to eliminate unnecessary revisions.

2.      Pay for the order

Proceed to pay for the paper so that it can be assigned to one of our expert academic writers. The paper subject is matched with the writer’s area of specialization.

3.      Track the progress

You communicate with the writer and know about the progress of the paper. The client can ask the writer for drafts of the paper. The client can upload extra material and include additional instructions from the lecturer. Receive a paper.

4.      Download the paper

The paper is sent to your email and uploaded to your personal account. You also get a plagiarism report attached to your paper.

smile and order essaysmile and order essay PLACE THIS ORDER OR A SIMILAR ORDER WITH US TODAY AND GET A PERFECT SCORE!!!

order custom essay paper