Overview of the Program and Program Rationale

Public Program Quality Evaluation

Overview of the Program and the Program Rationale

In 2011, approximately 23% of all children in the United States were children of immigrants. Many of these children have come from countries where the educational systems have not prepared them with competitive skills that will support a good standard of living. Various policies to address this issue have been proposed. Of the feasible options, the policy most likely to achieve popular approval is the provision of preschool education to all low-immigrant children. In part, the basis for this support is the historical national approval of programs such as Head Start. Recently, the nation has seen an upswing in state-funded pre-K programs that focus on preparing low-income 4-year-old children for kindergarten and elementary school. Head Start programs continue in a parallel manner, and necessarily so, as only a handful of states offer pubic school-based pre-K programs to all students in their districts. Interesting results have been found in a comparison between Head Start programs and pre-K program in Tulsa, Oklahoma. Head Start was found to improve the health outcomes of enrolled preschoolers while the school-based pre-K programs showed more improvement in early literacy performance. Head Start did not show improvements in social-emotional effects, but the school-based pre-K programs did. The two programs were equivalent in early mathematics learning.

An evaluation was conducted of the school-based Pre-K program in Tulsa, Oklahoma that is sufficiently robust to provide a model that can be used in other districts that implement pre-K programs. At the time of the evaluation, Oklahoma was one of only three states in the U.S. offering free pre-K programs to all students ages three and four years of age in the state’s participating districts. The rigorous evaluation enabled the same test to be administered to 4-year-olds beginning pre-K and 5-year-olds beginning kindergarten in September 2001. Moreover, strict eligibility cut-offs based on date of birth were utilized, which fostered control for selection effects, and possible effects that could be attributed to gender, race or ethnicity, and free or reduced school lunch eligibility. The Tulsa pre-K program evaluation demonstrated strong positive effects on language development and cognitive test scores. Hispanic children showed the most benefit, followed by black children, who especially made strong gains when attending full-day programs.

Program Description

The pre-K program is available to all 3-year-olds and 4-year-olds regardless of household income levels. The program is funded by state general revenues and is arranged to flow-through from the public schools to the school-based pre-K programs. The maximum number of children in any pre-K group is 20. The maximum child to staff ratio is 10:1, but a ratio of 6:1 is the preferred target. Whenever possible, the pre-K program collaborates with day care centers and Head Start programs.

The proposed program is for a two-year, intensive focused intervention for preschoolers from low-income families. Wrap-around childcare for working parents is a component of the program. The curriculum is research-based from proven pre-K programs, and includes engaging pre-school language development, reading, mathematics, and behavioral interventions that have been demonstrated to foster the academic and attentional skills of preschoolers.

Statement of Need

A disproportionate number of immigrant children have parents with limited fluency in English and little education, an issue that is particularly problematic for developing English proficiency when preschoolers are in the daily at-home presence of one parent. The low household incomes of immigrant families establish conditions that preclude purchasing high-quality preschool care. Moreover, undocumented status of parents discourages contact with public officials and the pursuit of complex paperwork to enroll their children in programs or apply for subsidies.

II. The Intervention Methods Used

The pre-K program is designed to comply with the cooperative learning framework utilized by Success for All programs, which is characterized by embedded motivating challenges and opportunities for rich language-building discussion. The fundamental curricula are enriched through the use of a variety of media, activities, and props.

The curiosity corner is designed to engage preschool children in theme-based creative activities that expand their vocabularies and build skills in art, math, music, science, and social behavior. The center is driven by activities that include cooperative learning, exploratory centers, hearing stories, making up stories and engaging in make-believe, playing games, reading circles, and singing songs. Educational videos are an integral part of the program, and the videos are viewed at school and at home with parents. The purpose of sharing the videos at home is to provide a home-school link that is focused on specific skill-building activities and the topics (letters, numbers, themes) of the week. The curiosity corner is structured around 20 thematic units that last for two-weeks. The thematic units enable the introduction of concepts that are reinforced by accompanying activities that underscore those concepts, followed by free time to engage with the concepts through other media, if desired.

III. Key Elements of the Program Field or Context

Teachers utilize the Curiosity Corner Teacher’s Manual, which provides an overarching philosophy, general and specific objectives, descriptions of curriculum components and how they work together, tools for assessment, home linkage materials, and additional teacher supports for specific focus. Teachers are instructed to follow the integrated approach that is constructed of daily sequences of components. The curiosity corner curricula helps to address the instructional fidelity issue by providing structured thematic units that are rich with examples and align completely with current state and national learning objectives for early childhood education. The curricular guides provide detailed instructions and include most of the materials that are needed to implement the curriculum in an engaging and stimulating manner. Teachers receive both training and support to implement the curiosity corner program.

IV. The Client or Citizens Served

The pre-K program is designed to serve three-year-olds and four-year-olds of all income levels. However, the primary target population for the programs are children from low-income households and children who have immigrant parents for whom English is not their first language. Children from these two target groups will be given priority for enrollment and will — barring any substantive problems — be guaranteed matriculation from the first year of the program to the second.

V. Characteristics of Staff Providing the Service

University-educated and college-trained teachers will staff the pre-K classrooms. All of the lead teachers in the pre-K program are required to hold a B.A. degree and must also have early childhood education certification. Moreover, all of the lead teachers are compensated according to the public school LEAP schedule. Certificated staff will administer the curriculum for approximately three hours each day, with an additional hour each day devoted to outreach to parents and training parents to work at the centers.

Extensive professional development and embedded instructional coaching enables teachers and school leaders to utilize the research-based curriculum efficiently and effectively. The pre-K program has access to many of the most accomplished, experienced early childhood education teachers in the nation. This model of staff development and support provides a foundation for achieving the students’ achievement goals. The ongoing peer-to-peer coaching program and onsite facilitator training and guidance ensures that competent preschool instruction and curriculum teams are available to provide support.

VI. Implementation Issues

Implementation of the curriculum and instruction takes into consideration the influence of program structure, context, session frequency, and length of day. For instance, when evaluating program implementation, it is important to ensure that weighting occurs when full-day and part-day programs are compared, and when programs that hosted by public schools are compared to programs delivered at multiple sites. Although softer indicators are likely, there may be differences that can be attributed to implementation that is unique to targeted pre-K programs or to universal pre-K programs.

VII. Program Funding and Cost

The estimated per child cost of the pre-K program is $8,000 for one year, or $16,000 for the full two years of program enrollment. An additional $4,000 is required per child for childcare. A sliding scale for costs assumed by the family would result in a fee schedule as follows: 1) For families with household incomes that are below 1.5 times the federal poverty limit, the tuition is waived in its entirety; 2) for families with household incomes that are up to 3.0 times the federal poverty limit, partial subsidies will be granted. No subsidies will be offered to higher-income families enrolling children in the pre-K program.

Logic Model


Public Program Evaluation: Quality Performance Measurement

The components of the logic model are: Inputs, Outputs, and Outcomes. For the pre-K program the inputs are as follows: 1) Implementation of curiosity corner curriculum; 2) teacher training and staff development provided; and 3) peer-to-peer coaching provided to teachers. The logic model below contains details about the other components of the program.



Outcomes — Impact






Implementation of curiosity corner curriculum

Teacher training and staff development provided

Peer-to-peer coaching provided to teachers

Child received dental care

Child received annual well-child check-up

Child received required immunizations on schedule

Absence of substantive injuries to child during program

Absence of substantive illness of child during program

Adequate nutrition in child’s home

Number of days attendance per child in pre-K program

Number of lessons completed in pre-K curriculum

Number of hours spent in pre-K program associated daycare

Number of hours spent in daycare programs not associated with the pre-K program

Completion of Year 1

4-year-old Cohort

Cognitive development (significant growth)

__PPVT (vocabulary measure)

__Woodcock-Johnson III test of Oral Comprehension

Social-emotional development

__Positive approaches to learning

__Reduced problem behavior

Health status

__Child health insurance coverage

__Overall health improvement

Parenting practices

__Reduced authoritarian parenting

_Reduced use of time out

Completion of Year 1

3-year-old Cohort

Cognitive development

(significant growth)

__PPVT (vocabulary measure)

__Woodcock-Johnson III test of Oral Comprehension

Social-emotional development

__Positive approaches to learning

__Reduced problem behavior

Health status

__Child health insurance coverage

__Overall health improvement

Parenting practices

__Reduced authoritarian parenting

_Reduced use of time out

Completion of Year 2- to 3-year-old Cohort

Cognitive development

(significant growth) __PPVT (vocabulary measure)

__Woodcock-Johnson III test of Oral Comprehension

Social-emotional development

__Positive approaches to learning

__Reduced problem behavior

Health status

__Child health insurance coverage

__Overall health improvement

Parenting practices

__Reduced authoritarian parenting

_Reduced use of time out


External Factors

Requested funding will be consistently provided. Schools hosting the pre-K programs will provide in-kind provision of classroom space.

Partner universities will provide graduate level students in public affairs to conduct program evaluation.


Haskins, R. & Tienda, M. (2011). The future of immigrant children. The Future of Children. Princeton University and the Brookings Institution.

Lawrence L. Martin, L.L. & Kettner, P.M. (1996). Measuring the performance of human service programs. Sage Publications.

Neuman, W.L. (2012). Basics of social research: qualitative and quantitative approaches (3rd ed.).

Puma, M. Bell, S., Cook, R., & Heid, C. (2010, January). Head Start Impact Study Final Report, Executive Summary. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Administration for Children and Families. Washington, DC.

Get Professional Assignment Help Cheaply

Buy Custom Essay

Are you busy and do not have time to handle your assignment? Are you scared that your paper will not make the grade? Do you have responsibilities that may hinder you from turning in your assignment on time? Are you tired and can barely handle your assignment? Are your grades inconsistent?

Whichever your reason is, it is valid! You can get professional academic help from our service at affordable rates. We have a team of professional academic writers who can handle all your assignments.

Why Choose Our Academic Writing Service?

  • Plagiarism free papers
  • Timely delivery
  • Any deadline
  • Skilled, Experienced Native English Writers
  • Subject-relevant academic writer
  • Adherence to paper instructions
  • Ability to tackle bulk assignments
  • Reasonable prices
  • 24/7 Customer Support
  • Get superb grades consistently

Online Academic Help With Different Subjects


Students barely have time to read. We got you! Have your literature essay or book review written without having the hassle of reading the book. You can get your literature paper custom-written for you by our literature specialists.


Do you struggle with finance? No need to torture yourself if finance is not your cup of tea. You can order your finance paper from our academic writing service and get 100% original work from competent finance experts.

Computer science

Computer science is a tough subject. Fortunately, our computer science experts are up to the match. No need to stress and have sleepless nights. Our academic writers will tackle all your computer science assignments and deliver them on time. Let us handle all your python, java, ruby, JavaScript, php , C+ assignments!


While psychology may be an interesting subject, you may lack sufficient time to handle your assignments. Don’t despair; by using our academic writing service, you can be assured of perfect grades. Moreover, your grades will be consistent.


Engineering is quite a demanding subject. Students face a lot of pressure and barely have enough time to do what they love to do. Our academic writing service got you covered! Our engineering specialists follow the paper instructions and ensure timely delivery of the paper.


In the nursing course, you may have difficulties with literature reviews, annotated bibliographies, critical essays, and other assignments. Our nursing assignment writers will offer you professional nursing paper help at low prices.


Truth be told, sociology papers can be quite exhausting. Our academic writing service relieves you of fatigue, pressure, and stress. You can relax and have peace of mind as our academic writers handle your sociology assignment.


We take pride in having some of the best business writers in the industry. Our business writers have a lot of experience in the field. They are reliable, and you can be assured of a high-grade paper. They are able to handle business papers of any subject, length, deadline, and difficulty!


We boast of having some of the most experienced statistics experts in the industry. Our statistics experts have diverse skills, expertise, and knowledge to handle any kind of assignment. They have access to all kinds of software to get your assignment done.


Writing a law essay may prove to be an insurmountable obstacle, especially when you need to know the peculiarities of the legislative framework. Take advantage of our top-notch law specialists and get superb grades and 100% satisfaction.

What discipline/subjects do you deal in?

We have highlighted some of the most popular subjects we handle above. Those are just a tip of the iceberg. We deal in all academic disciplines since our writers are as diverse. They have been drawn from across all disciplines, and orders are assigned to those writers believed to be the best in the field. In a nutshell, there is no task we cannot handle; all you need to do is place your order with us. As long as your instructions are clear, just trust we shall deliver irrespective of the discipline.

Are your writers competent enough to handle my paper?

Our essay writers are graduates with bachelor's, masters, Ph.D., and doctorate degrees in various subjects. The minimum requirement to be an essay writer with our essay writing service is to have a college degree. All our academic writers have a minimum of two years of academic writing. We have a stringent recruitment process to ensure that we get only the most competent essay writers in the industry. We also ensure that the writers are handsomely compensated for their value. The majority of our writers are native English speakers. As such, the fluency of language and grammar is impeccable.

What if I don’t like the paper?

There is a very low likelihood that you won’t like the paper.

Reasons being:

  • When assigning your order, we match the paper’s discipline with the writer’s field/specialization. Since all our writers are graduates, we match the paper’s subject with the field the writer studied. For instance, if it’s a nursing paper, only a nursing graduate and writer will handle it. Furthermore, all our writers have academic writing experience and top-notch research skills.
  • We have a quality assurance that reviews the paper before it gets to you. As such, we ensure that you get a paper that meets the required standard and will most definitely make the grade.

In the event that you don’t like your paper:

  • The writer will revise the paper up to your pleasing. You have unlimited revisions. You simply need to highlight what specifically you don’t like about the paper, and the writer will make the amendments. The paper will be revised until you are satisfied. Revisions are free of charge
  • We will have a different writer write the paper from scratch.
  • Last resort, if the above does not work, we will refund your money.

Will the professor find out I didn’t write the paper myself?

Not at all. All papers are written from scratch. There is no way your tutor or instructor will realize that you did not write the paper yourself. In fact, we recommend using our assignment help services for consistent results.

What if the paper is plagiarized?

We check all papers for plagiarism before we submit them. We use powerful plagiarism checking software such as SafeAssign, LopesWrite, and Turnitin. We also upload the plagiarism report so that you can review it. We understand that plagiarism is academic suicide. We would not take the risk of submitting plagiarized work and jeopardize your academic journey. Furthermore, we do not sell or use prewritten papers, and each paper is written from scratch.

When will I get my paper?

You determine when you get the paper by setting the deadline when placing the order. All papers are delivered within the deadline. We are well aware that we operate in a time-sensitive industry. As such, we have laid out strategies to ensure that the client receives the paper on time and they never miss the deadline. We understand that papers that are submitted late have some points deducted. We do not want you to miss any points due to late submission. We work on beating deadlines by huge margins in order to ensure that you have ample time to review the paper before you submit it.

Will anyone find out that I used your services?

We have a privacy and confidentiality policy that guides our work. We NEVER share any customer information with third parties. Noone will ever know that you used our assignment help services. It’s only between you and us. We are bound by our policies to protect the customer’s identity and information. All your information, such as your names, phone number, email, order information, and so on, are protected. We have robust security systems that ensure that your data is protected. Hacking our systems is close to impossible, and it has never happened.

How our Assignment  Help Service Works

1.      Place an order

You fill all the paper instructions in the order form. Make sure you include all the helpful materials so that our academic writers can deliver the perfect paper. It will also help to eliminate unnecessary revisions.

2.      Pay for the order

Proceed to pay for the paper so that it can be assigned to one of our expert academic writers. The paper subject is matched with the writer’s area of specialization.

3.      Track the progress

You communicate with the writer and know about the progress of the paper. The client can ask the writer for drafts of the paper. The client can upload extra material and include additional instructions from the lecturer. Receive a paper.

4.      Download the paper

The paper is sent to your email and uploaded to your personal account. You also get a plagiarism report attached to your paper.

smile and order essaysmile and order essay PLACE THIS ORDER OR A SIMILAR ORDER WITH US TODAY AND GET A PERFECT SCORE!!!

order custom essay paper