How vomiting causes gastroesophageal disorder

Eating Disorders

According to the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, eating disorders are “complex, chronic illnesses largely misunderstood and misdiagnosed.” (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services: Office on Women’s Health, 2000) Included among the most common eating disorders are:

Anorexia nervosa;

Bulimia nervosa; and 3) Binge eating disorder. (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services: Office on Women’s Health, 2000)

The American Psychiatric Association (2005) defines eating disorders as illnesses in which the victims suffer severe disturbances in their eating behaviors and related thoughts and emotions.” Individuals with eating disorders have an obsession with their body and with food and specifically in relation to their weight and weight-gain issues.

Eating disorders have been found in studies to be linked to other health risk behaviors and according to the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, those include:

Tobacco use;

Alcohol use;

Marijuana use;


Unprotected sexual activity; and Suicide. (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services: Office on Women’s Health, 2000)

The fact is that “anorexia nervosa…ranks as the third most common chronic illness among adolescent females in the United States.” (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services: Office on Women’s Health, 2000)

Presently, one to four percent of young women in the United States have some type of eating disorder. The effects of eating disorders include:

1) Physical;

2) Psychological; and 3) Social. (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services: Office on Women’s Health, 2000)

Included in these specifically are significant preoccupation with weight as well as inappropriate eating behavior and distortion of one’s body image. (Ibid, 2000; paraphrased) Individuals with eating disorders are known to be “at risk for osteoporosis and heart problems” and furthermore have the highest death rates of any mental illness.


Eating disorders are one of the key issues that young women face in relation to their health and generally take three primary forms.


Anorexia Nervosa is described as a condition that is dangerous and “…in which people can literally starve themselves to death.” (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services: Office on Women’s Health, 2000) People with this disorder, while already thin, eat only a very small amount compared to normal people. This disease is stated to be characterized by “…an intense and overpowering fear of body fat and weight gain, repeated dieting attempts, and excessive weight loss.” (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services: Office on Women’s Health, 2000) These individuals refuse to eat, have a great desire to be thin and many times are known to “…diet, fast, or over exercise” in order to stay very thin.

The American Psychiatric Association states that individuals with anorexia nervosa “tend to be perfectionists who suffer from low self-esteem and are extremely critical of themselves and their bodies.” (2005) in fact, these individuals often induce vomiting upon themselves to assist in weight loss and are even known to use laxatives to lose weight. The American Psychological Association states that over a period certain symptoms develop as the body begins to actually starve. Those symptoms are stated to include the following:

Menstrual periods cease;

Osteopenia or osteoporosis (thinning of the bones) through loss of calcium;

Hair/nails become brittle;

Skin dries and can take on a yellowish cast;

Mild anemia and muscles, including the heart muscle, waste away;

Severe constipation;

Drop in blood pressure, slowed breathing and pulse rates;

Internal body temperature falls, causing person to feel cold all the time;

Depression, and lethargy. (APA, 2005)

Complications to their health that may be experienced by the individual with anorexia nervosa include an increased risk for development of osteoporosis during times of illness or later in their life and many suffer from clinical depression as well as “anxiety, personality disorders and substance abuse. Additionally, these individuals are at an increased risk for suicide. The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services states that one in ten individuals “afflicted with anorexia nervosa will die of starvation.” (2000)


Bulimia Nervosa affected individuals by them following “a routine of secretive, uncontrolled binge eating (ingesting abnormally large amounts of food within a set period of time) followed by behaviors to rid the body of food consumes. This includes self-vomiting and/or the misuse of laxatives, diet pills, diuretics (water pills) excessive exercise or fasting.” (2000) the American Psychiatric Association states of individuals with Bulimia Nervosa, that while they may “…may frequently diet and vigorously exercise, individuals with bulimia nervosa can be slightly underweight, normal weight, overweight or even obese.” (2005) the individual with this condition will consume an unbelievably high volume of food and do so by eating it quickly and with no enjoyment of eating being experienced. Upon having consumed this great amount of food, the individual with bulimia nervosa will experience guilty and a feeling of being out of control. At this point, the individual with bulimia nervosa will make themselves vomit. This cycle may repeat many times a week or during the month. Generally, the family of these individuals does not know that their loved one is affected by this disorder. The following symptoms have been stated to be associated with this disorder:

Chronically inflamed and sore throat;

Salivary glands in the neck and below the jaw become swollen. Cheeks and face often become puffy, causing sufferers to develop a “chipmunk” looking face;

Tooth enamel wears off, teeth begin to decay from exposure to stomach acids;

Constant vomiting causes gastroesophageal reflux disorder;

Laxative abuse causes irritation, leading to intestinal problems; and Diuretics (water pills) cause kidney problems;

Severe dehydration from purging of fluids (APA, 2005)

Complications that may develop due to bulimia nervosa are those directly due to electrolyte imbalance and loss of potassium “due to vomiting” and include an increased risk for heart attack as well as esophagus inflammation because of vomiting and tooth decay due to the enamel being eroded. (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 2000) Included in complications are clinical depression and obsessive-compulsive disorder as well as problems with drug and alcohol addiction.


Binge eating disorders or BED “is the newest clinically recognized eating disorder. BED is primary identified by repeated episodes of uncontrolled eating.” (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 2000) the individual with binge eating disorder does not, like those with anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa, exhibit behaviors of vomiting or excessive exercise or use of diuretics or laxatives. Binge eating disorder is difficult to pinpoint, as it is much like other disorders, which cause the individual to be obese. Complications from binge eating disorder are primarily problems with obesity which include high blood pressure, high cholesterol levels, and diabetes “as well as an increased risk for gallbladder disease, heart disease and some types of cancer.” (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 2000) Individuals with binge eating disorder are known to have very high rates of depression.


The three eating disorders reviewed in this study all have the potential to result in great and lasting harm to the health of individuals with these eating disorders. While these eating disorders have been documented by medical science, there are other eating disorders which are simply labeled the ‘eating disorder not otherwise specified’ or ENDOS which include any eating disorders that fail to meet the criteria which has been set for the primary three known eating disorders reviewed in this study. One might ask indeed just how many eating disorders have been yet to be identified?


Eating Disorders (2000) U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Office on Women’s Health. February 2000.

What is an Eating Disorder? (2005) Let’s Talk Facts about Eating Disorders. American Psychiatric Association. 2005.

Grohol, John M. (2006) Anorexia Nervosa. Psych Central. 7 Sep 2006. Online available at

Farley, Dixie (1992) on the Teen Scene: Eating Disorders Require Medical Attention. U.S. Food and Drug Administration. FDA consumer magazine. March 1992. Online available at

Eating Disorders (2008) National Institute of Mental Health. National Institute of Health 3 Apr 2008. Online available at

Get Professional Assignment Help Cheaply

Buy Custom Essay

Are you busy and do not have time to handle your assignment? Are you scared that your paper will not make the grade? Do you have responsibilities that may hinder you from turning in your assignment on time? Are you tired and can barely handle your assignment? Are your grades inconsistent?

Whichever your reason is, it is valid! You can get professional academic help from our service at affordable rates. We have a team of professional academic writers who can handle all your assignments.

Why Choose Our Academic Writing Service?

  • Plagiarism free papers
  • Timely delivery
  • Any deadline
  • Skilled, Experienced Native English Writers
  • Subject-relevant academic writer
  • Adherence to paper instructions
  • Ability to tackle bulk assignments
  • Reasonable prices
  • 24/7 Customer Support
  • Get superb grades consistently

Online Academic Help With Different Subjects


Students barely have time to read. We got you! Have your literature essay or book review written without having the hassle of reading the book. You can get your literature paper custom-written for you by our literature specialists.


Do you struggle with finance? No need to torture yourself if finance is not your cup of tea. You can order your finance paper from our academic writing service and get 100% original work from competent finance experts.

Computer science

Computer science is a tough subject. Fortunately, our computer science experts are up to the match. No need to stress and have sleepless nights. Our academic writers will tackle all your computer science assignments and deliver them on time. Let us handle all your python, java, ruby, JavaScript, php , C+ assignments!


While psychology may be an interesting subject, you may lack sufficient time to handle your assignments. Don’t despair; by using our academic writing service, you can be assured of perfect grades. Moreover, your grades will be consistent.


Engineering is quite a demanding subject. Students face a lot of pressure and barely have enough time to do what they love to do. Our academic writing service got you covered! Our engineering specialists follow the paper instructions and ensure timely delivery of the paper.


In the nursing course, you may have difficulties with literature reviews, annotated bibliographies, critical essays, and other assignments. Our nursing assignment writers will offer you professional nursing paper help at low prices.


Truth be told, sociology papers can be quite exhausting. Our academic writing service relieves you of fatigue, pressure, and stress. You can relax and have peace of mind as our academic writers handle your sociology assignment.


We take pride in having some of the best business writers in the industry. Our business writers have a lot of experience in the field. They are reliable, and you can be assured of a high-grade paper. They are able to handle business papers of any subject, length, deadline, and difficulty!


We boast of having some of the most experienced statistics experts in the industry. Our statistics experts have diverse skills, expertise, and knowledge to handle any kind of assignment. They have access to all kinds of software to get your assignment done.


Writing a law essay may prove to be an insurmountable obstacle, especially when you need to know the peculiarities of the legislative framework. Take advantage of our top-notch law specialists and get superb grades and 100% satisfaction.

What discipline/subjects do you deal in?

We have highlighted some of the most popular subjects we handle above. Those are just a tip of the iceberg. We deal in all academic disciplines since our writers are as diverse. They have been drawn from across all disciplines, and orders are assigned to those writers believed to be the best in the field. In a nutshell, there is no task we cannot handle; all you need to do is place your order with us. As long as your instructions are clear, just trust we shall deliver irrespective of the discipline.

Are your writers competent enough to handle my paper?

Our essay writers are graduates with bachelor's, masters, Ph.D., and doctorate degrees in various subjects. The minimum requirement to be an essay writer with our essay writing service is to have a college degree. All our academic writers have a minimum of two years of academic writing. We have a stringent recruitment process to ensure that we get only the most competent essay writers in the industry. We also ensure that the writers are handsomely compensated for their value. The majority of our writers are native English speakers. As such, the fluency of language and grammar is impeccable.

What if I don’t like the paper?

There is a very low likelihood that you won’t like the paper.

Reasons being:

  • When assigning your order, we match the paper’s discipline with the writer’s field/specialization. Since all our writers are graduates, we match the paper’s subject with the field the writer studied. For instance, if it’s a nursing paper, only a nursing graduate and writer will handle it. Furthermore, all our writers have academic writing experience and top-notch research skills.
  • We have a quality assurance that reviews the paper before it gets to you. As such, we ensure that you get a paper that meets the required standard and will most definitely make the grade.

In the event that you don’t like your paper:

  • The writer will revise the paper up to your pleasing. You have unlimited revisions. You simply need to highlight what specifically you don’t like about the paper, and the writer will make the amendments. The paper will be revised until you are satisfied. Revisions are free of charge
  • We will have a different writer write the paper from scratch.
  • Last resort, if the above does not work, we will refund your money.

Will the professor find out I didn’t write the paper myself?

Not at all. All papers are written from scratch. There is no way your tutor or instructor will realize that you did not write the paper yourself. In fact, we recommend using our assignment help services for consistent results.

What if the paper is plagiarized?

We check all papers for plagiarism before we submit them. We use powerful plagiarism checking software such as SafeAssign, LopesWrite, and Turnitin. We also upload the plagiarism report so that you can review it. We understand that plagiarism is academic suicide. We would not take the risk of submitting plagiarized work and jeopardize your academic journey. Furthermore, we do not sell or use prewritten papers, and each paper is written from scratch.

When will I get my paper?

You determine when you get the paper by setting the deadline when placing the order. All papers are delivered within the deadline. We are well aware that we operate in a time-sensitive industry. As such, we have laid out strategies to ensure that the client receives the paper on time and they never miss the deadline. We understand that papers that are submitted late have some points deducted. We do not want you to miss any points due to late submission. We work on beating deadlines by huge margins in order to ensure that you have ample time to review the paper before you submit it.

Will anyone find out that I used your services?

We have a privacy and confidentiality policy that guides our work. We NEVER share any customer information with third parties. Noone will ever know that you used our assignment help services. It’s only between you and us. We are bound by our policies to protect the customer’s identity and information. All your information, such as your names, phone number, email, order information, and so on, are protected. We have robust security systems that ensure that your data is protected. Hacking our systems is close to impossible, and it has never happened.

How our Assignment  Help Service Works

1.      Place an order

You fill all the paper instructions in the order form. Make sure you include all the helpful materials so that our academic writers can deliver the perfect paper. It will also help to eliminate unnecessary revisions.

2.      Pay for the order

Proceed to pay for the paper so that it can be assigned to one of our expert academic writers. The paper subject is matched with the writer’s area of specialization.

3.      Track the progress

You communicate with the writer and know about the progress of the paper. The client can ask the writer for drafts of the paper. The client can upload extra material and include additional instructions from the lecturer. Receive a paper.

4.      Download the paper

The paper is sent to your email and uploaded to your personal account. You also get a plagiarism report attached to your paper.

smile and order essaysmile and order essay PLACE THIS ORDER OR A SIMILAR ORDER WITH US TODAY AND GET A PERFECT SCORE!!!

order custom essay paper