Forced Migration: Asylum Seekers Being Dispersed. 

Forced migration is the movement of persons from their areas of residence for various reasons such as invasion, war, and lashes. Many of the displaced persons become refugees in foreign countries. Voluntary migration is where people move from their countries of origin willingly to look for jobs or join their relatives in other countries (Bloch, & Schuster 2005). The objective of this research is to analyse the forced migration from Palestine to the other parts of the world and the UK.  The other activity will be collecting and analysing the data with respect to the number of asylum seekers in the UK. Human rights interventions on forced migration will be an area of importance in this research. The

Data on Forms Forced Migration in Palestine (2006-2012)

There are various forms of forced migration in the world, which can lead to internal or external movement of persons from their country of origin. Some of the forms of forced migration in Palestine to the UK are forced population are population transfer due to wars and conflict that saw 20,000 persons undergo displacement from Palestine to the other countries. The others are ethnic cleansing with 24,000 people, internally displaced people 230,000, and developmental displaced persons were 68,000. The other forced immigrants were the smuggled persons 21,000, trafficked persons 12,000 and environmental and disaster displaced 76,000 people. The asylum seekers to the other countries and the UK were 56,000, which is quite a big number (Castles, & Miller 2003). Looking at the figures Palestine’s forced migrants are very many, and the concerned parties such as the human rights organizations should intervene. Neighbouring countries should also offer assistance in the form of accommodation and refuge for the migrants.

 

 

Data Analysis and Presentation

Form of Forced Migration Number of Forced Migrants
Population transfer due to conflicts and wars 20,000
Ethnic Cleansing 24,000
Asylum seeking people 56,000
Internal displacement 68,000
21,000
Human trafficking 12,000
Displacement by disaster and environmental factors 76,000

Table showing the number of forced migrants from Palestine 2006-2012 (Castles, 2004)

From the table, the number of forced migration from Palestine is quite high, with displacement due to disasters being the highest with 76, 000 persons followed by the internally displaced persons with 68,000 persons. The ethnic cleansing displaced 24,000 while the asylum seekers were 56,000, which represent a high number of forced migrants from that country. Human smuggling stood at 21,000 while forced migration due to human trafficking was the lowest at 12,000. From the results, it shows that displacement of people from Palestine is quite high and needs immediate intervention by different governments and human rights groups.

Data representation

A graph showing the number of forced migrants from Palestine.

Nature and Scope of Forced Migration from Palestine

Forced migration is very high in Palestine with the majority of those, who suffer most being women and children. Most of the migration in Palestine is involuntary, and a few cases are voluntary. Forced migration in Palestine is rampant with many cases of human, trafficking and, ethnic cleansing, and religious conflict being the major causes (Cohen, 2001).  There are many internally displaced persons in Palestine, who escaped their residential areas because of the internal wars and the conflict between Palestine and Israel. Majority of internally displaced persons depend on humanitarian groups for the basic communities, such as food and clothing. There are many scholars for Palestine spread all over the world, and one of the contributors to their large numbers is the forced transfer of people. There are very many internally displaced persons in Palestine, due to Israel- Palestine conflicts, who live in refugee camps and depend on the humanitarian groups for their basic commodities. There are many adolescents migrants in the camps, with most of them exposed to human violence and violation of their rights (Giddens, 2009). Forced migration is widespread in many parts of the country, with many of the migrants seeking refuge in West Bank, Syria, and many other neighbouring countries.

Human rights situation of forced migration in Palestine

The massive forced migration of persons from Palestine raised many concerns of the humanitarian groups especially the international groups as it involved the violation of human rights. The human rights activists have a lot of concern for the displaced persons in Palestine as they offer protection to the internally displaced persons in the country. However many human rights groups, especially the international groups take the mandate of providing the IDPs with their necessities (King, Black, Collyer, Fielding, & Skeldon 2010). The human rights organize seminars and forums for the IDPs and provide a chance for the refugees to interact and discuss their challenges that they face on a daily basis. There are other international human rights groups, which collaborate with the Palestinian human rights group to come up with programs for the forced migrants. The Palestinian human rights centre facilitate and coordinate programs for refugees such as seminars and income-generating projects to help the displaced persons in coping with the life challenges. One of the international bodies that assist Palestinian refugees is the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees UNHCR, which deals with forced migration affecting many countries. The other one is the United Nations Relief and Workers Agency for Palestine Refugees, who offer support to the Palestinian refugees in the Middle East UNRWA (Sigona, & Hughes, 2012). UNRWA has the mandate of ensuring that the refugees and other forced migrants have the basic needs and rights protection.

The extent of asylum applications in the UK and the cases of Human trafficking from Palestine

Research shows there are many asylum seekers in the UK, who come from Palestine and require assistance and protection by the government agencies. Many of the asylum seekers are children, who sometimes have no one accompanying them (King, 2002). Most of the children lost their parents or separated during the Palestine-Israel crises. The other group of persons seeking asylum were the youths, of which most of them did not have any training or skills. Another category was that of women with children and men who needed urgent help. The total number of applications received was 2818, out of which 1236 got approvals King, 2002). The cases of human trafficking from Palestine in the UK is growing at a high rate, with most of those trafficked working as domestic workers and prostitutes. Majority of the asylums and the trafficked people are in major UK towns working as casual labourers and domestic workers. Majority of them report that they got promises of working in industries and restaurants, only to end up in peoples’ homes to work as house helps and gardeners.

Dynamics and forms of contemporary forced migration

There are many forms of contemporary migration all over the world, with which leads to massive movement of people in their country or outside their country’s borders. Some of the forms of forced migrations are

Conflict -induced displacement where people leave their country if they feel that the state cannot offer protection to them (King, 2002). Some of the conflicts experienced in many countries are civil war, violence, discrimination in terms of race, social, or religion. Another form of forced migration is the development-induced displacement that involves people moving because of implementation of development projects. The projects may include railways, roads, airports, and environmental conservation, which cause internal displacement. The third forced migration is the Disaster-induced migration, in which people move away from their residents because of calamities, such as floods, landslides, earthquakes, and desertification (King, 2002). The other form is the human trafficking and smuggling, where some people take individuals out of their countries by promising them jobs and good life. Countries with internal migration should come up with policies to assist the displaced by compensating them for their land and buildings. Human rights groups should also offer assistance by addressing the root causes of forced migration and taking the right action such as prosecution of the perpetrators. An example where the perpetrators of internal displacement faced prosecution was in Kenya, during the 2007 election chaos (King, 2002).

Bottom of Form

Conclusion

Forced migration is a serious problem that faces many countries in the world. The rate of forced migration is increasing day by day due to various reasons such as conflict, human trafficking, natural disasters, and internal wars. The major causes of forced migrations in the Palestine are wars and conflict with their neighbors, such as the Israel and religious conflicts between the Christians and the Muslims. The children and the young people are the ones who suffer most whenever there is the forced migration. The human rights in Palestine and the UN are the major Humanitarian groups, who deal with the migrants and make sure they get the basic needs. There are various dynamics and forms of forced migration in the world such as conflict-induced migration and human trafficking among others. The area of forced migration is under-researched and, therefore, there is the need for more researchers to come out and find more information regarding forced migration.

 

References

Bloch, A. and Schuster, L., 2005. At the Extremes of Exclusion: Deportation, Detention and Dispers, Ethnic and Racial Studies, 28 (3), 491-512.

Castles, S. and Miller, M., 2003.The Age of Migration: International Population Movements in the Modern World, Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.

Castles, S., 2004. Why migration policies fail Ethnic and Racial Studies, 27 (2), 205-27.

Cohen, S., 2001. States of Denial: Knowing about Atrocities and Suffering, Cambridge: Polity Press.

Giddens, A., 2009. Sociology, Cambridge: Polity Press

King, R., Black, R., Collyer, M., Fielding, A. and Skeldon, R., 2010. The Atlas of Human Migration: Global Patterns of People on the Move, Brighton: Earthscan

Sigona, N. and Hughes, V., 2012. No Way Out, No Way In: Irregular Migrant Child and Families in the UK, Oxford: Centre on Migration, Policy and Society (COMPAS), University of Oxford.

King, R., 2002.Towards a New Map of European Migration, International Journal of Population Geography, 8, 39-106.

 


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