#1 Identify the similarities and differences between Christianity, Judaism, and Islam. Be sure to include the strong points and weaknesses of each religion. TRY to be objective.
There are lots of differences and between Christianity, Judaism and Islamic works and few similarities. Actually, I can only find two similarities between the three. The differences I am going to point out are far from all of them but I am going to focus on the major ones such as Supreme Being, source of authority, person of Jesus Christ, Ethics, and Life after death. The basic human problems that all agree on is sin and that life after death is heaven or hell. However, in those similarities there are also differences.
Christians believe that the Supreme Being is one personal/ supreme God who is Creator and Lord of everything that exists. He eternally exists as Triune God: Father, Son, and Holy Spirit. Judaism believes that there is one god who reveals himself as person. He is creator, deliverer and lord of history. Islam worship Allah. They say that god is one. They are strict monotheism-“there is no god but Allah.
The source of authority for Christians is the Bible, old and new testaments. The bible is unique, revealed, factual, accurate and inspired by the Word of God. It is the sole authority for faith and practice. Jewish use the Hebrew bible called Tanakh. This includes Torah, Prophets, and the Writings. It is basically the old testament in the Christian bible. The Islamic bible is the Qur’an.
The person of Jesus Christ, Christians believe, is one divine Person, eternal, with two natures: human and divine. Born on earth as a fully human being who lived a sinless life and willingly died on the cross as a sacrifice for the sins of humanity. He was a supreme example of God’s character and His love for humanity. Jews believe that Jesus was an important prophet, but not a divine Person. He did good things and taught the Golden Rule. Islams believe that Jesus was sent to the children of Israel and faithfully showed the signs of Allah, taught prayer and brought the gospel (Injil). He did not die on the cross but Allah took him to heaven.
Christians believe the ultimate values for humanity are based on God’s character and His Ten Commandments. Human beings are potentially good, but not inevitable good. They always need God’s grace to renew their characters. The Jews values system are also based on Gods character and the Ten Commandments but the teaching of the rabbis are moral guidelines for the Jewish community. For Islam, Allah judges human beings for their actions in submitting to Allah, obeying the Shari’ah (holy law) and advancing the Ummah (people of Islam).
Life after death to Christians is eternal life with God in heaven or eternal separation from God in hell. Jews believe that they get rewarded or punishment in heaven or hell or they get the denial of an afterlife. For Islams they believe that faithful believers will go to paradise (heaven) for or nonbelievers will be punished and go to hell.
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