Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder ADHD is a condition that is characterized by patterns of inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity that normally interfere with normal functioning. Just like Shawn, ADHD normally affects children of ages 5 to 11 years but can extend through adulthood into adolescence. ADHD normally can be inherited along the familial lines but in some cases, the condition is made severe by the environment a child lives in. Medications are available that can alleviate hyperactivity, impulsivity and improve Shaw’s ability to cope, focus, and learn (Olfsonet al., 2015). I also recommend psychotherapy and psychosocial interventions. Most important is that the family, friends, and teachers should remain very supportive of the young boy.
Case Study 2
Several people including children and adults across the world are affected by mood disorders. As with Jessica, those who experience mood disorders report serious changes in their moods that normally disrupt life activities. Many individuals experience one of the three types of mood disorders i.e. depressive, manic bipolar with a few others just like Jessica experiencing a mixture of the conditions(Johnson et al., 2016). Looking at what Jessica has undergone, losing a father unfairly and having to live with a mother who is not interested in her wellbeing, this environment highly predisposes her to mood disorders. However, her condition can be managed through medication and psychotherapy(Olfsonet al., 2015). These interventions will help her resolve her thought patterns and behaviors.
Case Study 3
Ayden’s condition can best be described as selective mutism. Selective mutism is a type of anxiety disorder in which a person who can speak fails to speak in specific situations and to specific people. The condition exists as a result of shyness or social anxiety though the levels are elevated by embarrassments and stigmatization arising from within and without. Failure to properly intervene following the condition can lead to chronic depression among other social and emotional problems. The available therapies include self-modeling, mystery motivators, and stimulus fading as well as the use of anxiolytic drugs (Olfsonet al., 2015).
Johnson, B. D., Bird, A. F., &Gabbay, V. (2016). Mood Disorders in Childhood and Adolescence. Mount Sinai Expert Guides: Psychiatry, 269-280.
Olfson, M., King, M., &Schoenbaum, M. (2015). Treatment of young people with antipsychotic medications in the United States. JAMA Psychiatry, 72(9), 867-874.
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