More than any other philosophers, Aristotle enshrines happiness as a key purpose of human goal and life in itself. Because of this, he devotes more time and space to the issue of happiness than any other philosopher does before the modern era. He concludes that happiness depends on virtue cultivation. Essentially, this philosopher argues that virtue can be attained by maintaining the mean, which he defines as the balance that exists between two excesses (Ross, 1995). This paper, therefore, will discuss the thoughts of Aristotle about happiness.
There are two understandings of happiness or eudaimonia, one which is comprehensive, and another that is an intellectualist understanding. For instance, eudaimonia is appreciated in the activity of the most divine part of humanity, working in accordance with its appropriateness. According to the philosopher, this is the action of hypothetical consideration. According to the inclusive account, eudaimonia essentially involves the theoretical intellect activity, and the full range of human action and life, in line with the broader practical wisdom and moral virtual excellences. This understanding associates eudaimonia with the human nature concept as composite; that is as including the interaction of emotion, reason, action, perception (Nagel, 1972).
There have been numerous arguments that indicate that Aristotle was tempted by the intellectualist argument of eudaimonia. One of the best influential works on Aristotle is seen to be the Nicomachean Ethics, where he comes up with a theory of happiness that is even relevant today. In this case, one of the most essential questions that the philosopher looks to answer is what the ultimate purpose of existence of humanity is. Additionally, what is the ultimate end or goal should humankind direct their existence. In life, we have witnessed individuals looking for pleasure, excellent reputation and wealth, but while these have some form of value, none of these can take the place of the central good for which humankind should strive to obtain (Aristotle, 2004). To be an ultimate end or goal, an act should be final and self- sufficient; that which is at all times desirable in itself and never because of anything else, and it must be achievable by man. Aristotle argues that almost everyone would identify with the claim that happiness is the end, which addresses all of man’s needs (Nagel, 1972).
This definition of happiness utilizes and integrates into its definition, the aspect of good and spirituality, and supreme beings. This is unlike our usual understanding of what happiness is. It is the belief that happiness is reaching at a point or state whereby individuals are content with their lives to the fullest. With most individuals, today, it is easy enough to realize that we want pleasure, money, and honor because individuals believe that these aspects will bring us happiness. The main problem is that happiness in most of societies is conceived as a state of mind that is subjective. This is so because one might say that he is happy simply because he gets to enjoy a cold beer as a way of relaxing. It is quite different from the understanding of happiness because, in most cases, we do not see happiness as an end to itself; for Aristotle, however, happiness is a final goal or end that involves the totality of the life of an individual. It can, therefore, never be lost or gained in a short period, like sensations that are pleasurable. Aristotle sees it as the ultimate value of an individual’s life until it ends (Nagel, 1972).
Aristotle argues that if individuals are to stop with the truism, which the highest human virtue is eudaimonia, then they must enquire into a man’s ergon, since if an individual possesses ergon, then they are good and their good acts as a function of its ergon. The ergon of an individual or a thing is what he or it does that makes him or it what it is. Not everything or everyone has an ergon, but when they happen to possess it, then their good is spelled out by it. The appropriate human ergon, by which excellence in humanity is measured, is that which makes someone a man rather than something else. For instance, men do many excellent things, but since other living organisms can do the same things equally well, these things do not have anything to do with what makes individuals human (Hughes, 2001).
According to Aristotle, happiness involves attaining, through one’s life course all goods including wealth, health, friends and knowledge that result to perfection of the nature of humans and to the enrichment of one’s life. This requires individuals to make choices, some of which are usually difficult. In most cases, the lesser good promises an individual, immediate pleasure, which is usually more tempting. The greater good, in the other hand, is difficult and requires sacrifice. This philosopher’s doctrine of virtue is regarded as the golden man between the extremes of deficiency and excesses. To him, therefore, happiness is determined by the acquisition of a moral character, in which an individual displays a number of virtues such as the virtual of courage, justice, generosity, citizenship and friendship in their lives. These virtues require individuals to establish a balance or mean between deficiency and excess. A non- virtuous person can, therefore, never be happy (Aristotle, 1980).
On matters of happiness, I agree with Aristotle more than Plato because Aristotle argues his points more logically in and in a manner that most individuals can identify with; for example, in the case of attaining such goods and virtues as courage, health, knowledge and pleasure as ways of attaining happiness.
Aristotle. (1980). The Ethics of Virtue. Oxford University Press.
Aristotle. (2004). Nicomachean Ethics, ed. Hugh Treddenick. London: Penguin.
Hughes, G.J. (2001). Routledge Philosophy Guidebook to Aristotle on Ethics. London: Routledge.
Nagel, T. (1972). Aristotle on Eudaimonia. Phronesis, 17(3): 252-259.
Ross, Sir D. (1995). Aristotle (6th Ed.). London: Routledge.
Are you busy and do not have time to handle your assignment? Are you scared that your paper will not make the grade? Do you have responsibilities that may hinder you from turning in your assignment on time? Are you tired and can barely handle your assignment? Are your grades inconsistent?
Whichever your reason is, it is valid! You can get professional academic help from our service at affordable rates. We have a team of professional academic writers who can handle all your assignments.
- Plagiarism free papers
- Timely delivery
- Any deadline
- Skilled, Experienced Native English Writers
- Subject-relevant academic writer
- Adherence to paper instructions
- Ability to tackle bulk assignments
- Reasonable prices
- 24/7 Customer Support
- Get superb grades consistently
Online Academic Help With Different Subjects
Students barely have time to read. We got you! Have your literature essay or book review written without having the hassle of reading the book. You can get your literature paper custom-written for you by our literature specialists.
Do you struggle with finance? No need to torture yourself if finance is not your cup of tea. You can order your finance paper from our academic writing service and get 100% original work from competent finance experts.
While psychology may be an interesting subject, you may lack sufficient time to handle your assignments. Don’t despair; by using our academic writing service, you can be assured of perfect grades. Moreover, your grades will be consistent.
Engineering is quite a demanding subject. Students face a lot of pressure and barely have enough time to do what they love to do. Our academic writing service got you covered! Our engineering specialists follow the paper instructions and ensure timely delivery of the paper.
In the nursing course, you may have difficulties with literature reviews, annotated bibliographies, critical essays, and other assignments. Our nursing assignment writers will offer you professional nursing paper help at low prices.
Truth be told, sociology papers can be quite exhausting. Our academic writing service relieves you of fatigue, pressure, and stress. You can relax and have peace of mind as our academic writers handle your sociology assignment.
We take pride in having some of the best business writers in the industry. Our business writers have a lot of experience in the field. They are reliable, and you can be assured of a high-grade paper. They are able to handle business papers of any subject, length, deadline, and difficulty!
We boast of having some of the most experienced statistics experts in the industry. Our statistics experts have diverse skills, expertise, and knowledge to handle any kind of assignment. They have access to all kinds of software to get your assignment done.
Writing a law essay may prove to be an insurmountable obstacle, especially when you need to know the peculiarities of the legislative framework. Take advantage of our top-notch law specialists and get superb grades and 100% satisfaction.
What discipline/subjects do you deal in?
We have highlighted some of the most popular subjects we handle above. Those are just a tip of the iceberg. We deal in all academic disciplines since our writers are as diverse. They have been drawn from across all disciplines, and orders are assigned to those writers believed to be the best in the field. In a nutshell, there is no task we cannot handle; all you need to do is place your order with us. As long as your instructions are clear, just trust we shall deliver irrespective of the discipline.
Are your writers competent enough to handle my paper?
Our essay writers are graduates with bachelor's, masters, Ph.D., and doctorate degrees in various subjects. The minimum requirement to be an essay writer with our essay writing service is to have a college degree. All our academic writers have a minimum of two years of academic writing. We have a stringent recruitment process to ensure that we get only the most competent essay writers in the industry. We also ensure that the writers are handsomely compensated for their value. The majority of our writers are native English speakers. As such, the fluency of language and grammar is impeccable.
What if I don’t like the paper?
There is a very low likelihood that you won’t like the paper.
- When assigning your order, we match the paper’s discipline with the writer’s field/specialization. Since all our writers are graduates, we match the paper’s subject with the field the writer studied. For instance, if it’s a nursing paper, only a nursing graduate and writer will handle it. Furthermore, all our writers have academic writing experience and top-notch research skills.
- We have a quality assurance that reviews the paper before it gets to you. As such, we ensure that you get a paper that meets the required standard and will most definitely make the grade.
In the event that you don’t like your paper:
- The writer will revise the paper up to your pleasing. You have unlimited revisions. You simply need to highlight what specifically you don’t like about the paper, and the writer will make the amendments. The paper will be revised until you are satisfied. Revisions are free of charge
- We will have a different writer write the paper from scratch.
- Last resort, if the above does not work, we will refund your money.
Will the professor find out I didn’t write the paper myself?
Not at all. All papers are written from scratch. There is no way your tutor or instructor will realize that you did not write the paper yourself. In fact, we recommend using our assignment help services for consistent results.
What if the paper is plagiarized?
We check all papers for plagiarism before we submit them. We use powerful plagiarism checking software such as SafeAssign, LopesWrite, and Turnitin. We also upload the plagiarism report so that you can review it. We understand that plagiarism is academic suicide. We would not take the risk of submitting plagiarized work and jeopardize your academic journey. Furthermore, we do not sell or use prewritten papers, and each paper is written from scratch.
When will I get my paper?
You determine when you get the paper by setting the deadline when placing the order. All papers are delivered within the deadline. We are well aware that we operate in a time-sensitive industry. As such, we have laid out strategies to ensure that the client receives the paper on time and they never miss the deadline. We understand that papers that are submitted late have some points deducted. We do not want you to miss any points due to late submission. We work on beating deadlines by huge margins in order to ensure that you have ample time to review the paper before you submit it.
Will anyone find out that I used your services?
We have a privacy and confidentiality policy that guides our work. We NEVER share any customer information with third parties. Noone will ever know that you used our assignment help services. It’s only between you and us. We are bound by our policies to protect the customer’s identity and information. All your information, such as your names, phone number, email, order information, and so on, are protected. We have robust security systems that ensure that your data is protected. Hacking our systems is close to impossible, and it has never happened.
How our Assignment Help Service Works
You fill all the paper instructions in the order form. Make sure you include all the helpful materials so that our academic writers can deliver the perfect paper. It will also help to eliminate unnecessary revisions.
2. Pay for the order
Proceed to pay for the paper so that it can be assigned to one of our expert academic writers. The paper subject is matched with the writer’s area of specialization.
3. Track the progress
You communicate with the writer and know about the progress of the paper. The client can ask the writer for drafts of the paper. The client can upload extra material and include additional instructions from the lecturer. Receive a paper.
4. Download the paper
The paper is sent to your email and uploaded to your personal account. You also get a plagiarism report attached to your paper.
PLACE THIS ORDER OR A SIMILAR ORDER WITH US TODAY AND GET A PERFECT SCORE!!!