African- American slaves life after freedom


After the Civil War, more than 3.9 million African Americans gained their freedom. In this incredible transition period, the freed slaves reacted by first establishing their families. They also sought ways in which they could manage their working environment. Apart from that, they looked for ways in which they could establish their own churches and schools as well as unique ways to participate in public life not as slaves but as citizens. However, these objectives were not easy to attain at that point in time. Their transition from a life of slavery to that of freedom was as astonishing as it was multifaceted. The freed slaves experienced a mixture of joy and disappointment in their efforts to establish themselves as free people[1].

The former slaves encountered challenges in their efforts to ascertain themselves as free citizens and paid workers. Most of their owners refused to accept them as free people. They not only lacked places to call home but also could not support themselves or their families[2].

However, over 20,000 former slaves had joined the army during the war for freedom. This was evident when 40% of Tennessee’s union troops comprised African Americans. Most of these men initially worked as military labourers. They assisted in the completion of the Johnsonville and Nashville railroad before gallantly fighting in the 1864 Nashville battle[3]. Most of the African American soldiers also had families that followed them to seek their freedom behind the union lines. The renegades, especially women and their children as well as the elderly, were perceived as a big burden by the union, thus they were not welcomed in the union jurisdictions. Most of these women attempted to look for work in union camps. Even though there were limited opportunities in the camps, some of them eventually succeeded to work as hospital workers, cooks, tailors, and laundresses[4].

The freedom during the war was disastrous for families that lived behind the union lines because of the unbearable conditions. By the end of the war, the hurriedly erected contraband camps that spread all over Tennessee became very poor asylums for the freed slaves. The fragile shelters in the union encampments offered little protection from hazardous elements and the congested conditions resulted in shocking rates of diseases and deaths. Apart from that, white soldiers sexually exploited women in those camps[5]. Consequently, most slaves decided to stick with their former owners after they heard about the heart-rending conditions in the Union camps. The slaves who had stuck with their owners in the entire war period began to experience some form of freedom. They obtained some leverage from their owners due to the potential threat they had of escaping. Some of the concessions they received from their masters included having quality time with their families and doing enough work for their own families[6].

Most of the landowners had fled after the war and the Union Army seized their land. The Union General, William Sherman, promised some of this land to the freed slaves. However, this was reverted when President Andrew Johnson pardoned the former landowners in 1865; hence, they repossessed their property. Most of the former slaves pushed to the wall with no other way of fending for themselves or their families, decided to go back to their former owners. Even though they were at the time paid a monthly salary, some of them were made to sign contracts whose conditions were similar to slavery. For instance, they could be fined for a foul mouth and could not leave the farms without seeking permission[7].

Since they were no more in slavery, a fundamental concern for a majority of the freed slaves in the south was to locate members of their families from whom they had been detached under bondage. Given that they had long been deprived of mobility while still in bondage, the freed African Americans took to their feet[8]. They travelled across cities and towns as they searched for each other and sought any leads that could assist them to reunite. They took detailed adverts in newspapers in an attempt to find each other. The families that managed to reunite experienced both the delight of reconciliation as well as the tension of constructing the cut off relationships[9].

The desire to ensure that their families were established kept on motivating former slaves at the end of the war. However, several peripheral pressures curtailed their efforts to keep their families intact. Inadequate resources, miserable economic situations, and constant manipulation by their former owners, who were searching for cheap labourers, made some African Americans to franchise their children to the white employers[10]. Most freed African Americans worked for their former owners on the farms but for very slight compensation. They often clashed with their white employers because they wanted their own independence and control of their time. Consequently, the effort to guarantee that freedom was indeed distinct from slavery was a daunting task in the reconstruction years.


  1. Robert. Divine America: Past and Present, Volume 1 Brief Edition. Pearson: New York, 2009.
  2. James, Anderson. The Education of Blacks in the South, 1860-1935. Chapel Hill, NC: Univ. of North Carolina Press, 2005.

Gavin, Michael T. Maury County African-American Heritage Tour Guide. Columbia, TN: Middle Tennessee Visitors Bureau, 2008.

LeForge, Bussell. “State Colored Conventions of Tennessee, 1865-1866” Tennessee Historical Quarterly 65, 231-235, 2006.

Lovett, Bobby L. The African-American History of Nashville, Tennessee, 1780-1930 Fayetteville, AR: Univ. of Arkansas Press, 2007.

Van West, Carroll. Tennessee History: The Land, the People, and the Culture Knoxville, TN: Univ. of Tennessee Press, 2010.


[1]Bussell LeForge, “State Colored Conventions of Tennessee, 1865-1866,” Tennessee Historical Quarterly 65 (2006). 231.


[2] James D. Anderson, The Education of Blacks in the South, 1860-1935 (Chapel Hill, NC: Univ. of North Carolina Press. 2005), 123.


[3] Michael T. Gavin, Maury County African-American Heritage Tour Guide (Columbia, TN: Middle Tennessee Visitors Bureau. 2008), 3.


[4] Carroll Van West, Tennessee History: The Land, the People, and the Culture Knoxville, (TN: Univ. of Tennessee Press, 2010), 100.


[5] Bussell LeForge, “State Colored Conventions of Tennessee, 1865-1866,” Tennessee Historical Quarterly 65. (2006), 232.


[6]Bussell LeForge, “State Colored Conventions of Tennessee, 1865-1866,” Tennessee Historical Quarterly 65. (2006), 235.


[7] Robert A., Divine America: Past and Present, Volume 1 Brief Edition. (Pearson: New York, 2009), 320.


[8] Bobby L. Lovett, The African-American History of Nashville, Tennessee, 1780-1930 (Fayetteville, AR: Univ. of Arkansas Press, 2007), 59.


[9] Michael T. Gavin, Maury County African-American Heritage Tour Guide (Columbia, TN: Middle Tennessee Visitors Bureau, 2008), 15.


[10] James D. Anderson, The Education of Blacks in the South, 1860-1935 (Chapel Hill, NC: Univ. of North Carolina Press. 2005), 125.


Get Professional Assignment Help Cheaply

Buy Custom Essay

Are you busy and do not have time to handle your assignment? Are you scared that your paper will not make the grade? Do you have responsibilities that may hinder you from turning in your assignment on time? Are you tired and can barely handle your assignment? Are your grades inconsistent?

Whichever your reason is, it is valid! You can get professional academic help from our service at affordable rates. We have a team of professional academic writers who can handle all your assignments.

Why Choose Our Academic Writing Service?

  • Plagiarism free papers
  • Timely delivery
  • Any deadline
  • Skilled, Experienced Native English Writers
  • Subject-relevant academic writer
  • Adherence to paper instructions
  • Ability to tackle bulk assignments
  • Reasonable prices
  • 24/7 Customer Support
  • Get superb grades consistently

Online Academic Help With Different Subjects


Students barely have time to read. We got you! Have your literature essay or book review written without having the hassle of reading the book. You can get your literature paper custom-written for you by our literature specialists.


Do you struggle with finance? No need to torture yourself if finance is not your cup of tea. You can order your finance paper from our academic writing service and get 100% original work from competent finance experts.

Computer science

Computer science is a tough subject. Fortunately, our computer science experts are up to the match. No need to stress and have sleepless nights. Our academic writers will tackle all your computer science assignments and deliver them on time. Let us handle all your python, java, ruby, JavaScript, php , C+ assignments!


While psychology may be an interesting subject, you may lack sufficient time to handle your assignments. Don’t despair; by using our academic writing service, you can be assured of perfect grades. Moreover, your grades will be consistent.


Engineering is quite a demanding subject. Students face a lot of pressure and barely have enough time to do what they love to do. Our academic writing service got you covered! Our engineering specialists follow the paper instructions and ensure timely delivery of the paper.


In the nursing course, you may have difficulties with literature reviews, annotated bibliographies, critical essays, and other assignments. Our nursing assignment writers will offer you professional nursing paper help at low prices.


Truth be told, sociology papers can be quite exhausting. Our academic writing service relieves you of fatigue, pressure, and stress. You can relax and have peace of mind as our academic writers handle your sociology assignment.


We take pride in having some of the best business writers in the industry. Our business writers have a lot of experience in the field. They are reliable, and you can be assured of a high-grade paper. They are able to handle business papers of any subject, length, deadline, and difficulty!


We boast of having some of the most experienced statistics experts in the industry. Our statistics experts have diverse skills, expertise, and knowledge to handle any kind of assignment. They have access to all kinds of software to get your assignment done.


Writing a law essay may prove to be an insurmountable obstacle, especially when you need to know the peculiarities of the legislative framework. Take advantage of our top-notch law specialists and get superb grades and 100% satisfaction.

What discipline/subjects do you deal in?

We have highlighted some of the most popular subjects we handle above. Those are just a tip of the iceberg. We deal in all academic disciplines since our writers are as diverse. They have been drawn from across all disciplines, and orders are assigned to those writers believed to be the best in the field. In a nutshell, there is no task we cannot handle; all you need to do is place your order with us. As long as your instructions are clear, just trust we shall deliver irrespective of the discipline.

Are your writers competent enough to handle my paper?

Our essay writers are graduates with bachelor's, masters, Ph.D., and doctorate degrees in various subjects. The minimum requirement to be an essay writer with our essay writing service is to have a college degree. All our academic writers have a minimum of two years of academic writing. We have a stringent recruitment process to ensure that we get only the most competent essay writers in the industry. We also ensure that the writers are handsomely compensated for their value. The majority of our writers are native English speakers. As such, the fluency of language and grammar is impeccable.

What if I don’t like the paper?

There is a very low likelihood that you won’t like the paper.

Reasons being:

  • When assigning your order, we match the paper’s discipline with the writer’s field/specialization. Since all our writers are graduates, we match the paper’s subject with the field the writer studied. For instance, if it’s a nursing paper, only a nursing graduate and writer will handle it. Furthermore, all our writers have academic writing experience and top-notch research skills.
  • We have a quality assurance that reviews the paper before it gets to you. As such, we ensure that you get a paper that meets the required standard and will most definitely make the grade.

In the event that you don’t like your paper:

  • The writer will revise the paper up to your pleasing. You have unlimited revisions. You simply need to highlight what specifically you don’t like about the paper, and the writer will make the amendments. The paper will be revised until you are satisfied. Revisions are free of charge
  • We will have a different writer write the paper from scratch.
  • Last resort, if the above does not work, we will refund your money.

Will the professor find out I didn’t write the paper myself?

Not at all. All papers are written from scratch. There is no way your tutor or instructor will realize that you did not write the paper yourself. In fact, we recommend using our assignment help services for consistent results.

What if the paper is plagiarized?

We check all papers for plagiarism before we submit them. We use powerful plagiarism checking software such as SafeAssign, LopesWrite, and Turnitin. We also upload the plagiarism report so that you can review it. We understand that plagiarism is academic suicide. We would not take the risk of submitting plagiarized work and jeopardize your academic journey. Furthermore, we do not sell or use prewritten papers, and each paper is written from scratch.

When will I get my paper?

You determine when you get the paper by setting the deadline when placing the order. All papers are delivered within the deadline. We are well aware that we operate in a time-sensitive industry. As such, we have laid out strategies to ensure that the client receives the paper on time and they never miss the deadline. We understand that papers that are submitted late have some points deducted. We do not want you to miss any points due to late submission. We work on beating deadlines by huge margins in order to ensure that you have ample time to review the paper before you submit it.

Will anyone find out that I used your services?

We have a privacy and confidentiality policy that guides our work. We NEVER share any customer information with third parties. Noone will ever know that you used our assignment help services. It’s only between you and us. We are bound by our policies to protect the customer’s identity and information. All your information, such as your names, phone number, email, order information, and so on, are protected. We have robust security systems that ensure that your data is protected. Hacking our systems is close to impossible, and it has never happened.

How our Assignment  Help Service Works

1.      Place an order

You fill all the paper instructions in the order form. Make sure you include all the helpful materials so that our academic writers can deliver the perfect paper. It will also help to eliminate unnecessary revisions.

2.      Pay for the order

Proceed to pay for the paper so that it can be assigned to one of our expert academic writers. The paper subject is matched with the writer’s area of specialization.

3.      Track the progress

You communicate with the writer and know about the progress of the paper. The client can ask the writer for drafts of the paper. The client can upload extra material and include additional instructions from the lecturer. Receive a paper.

4.      Download the paper

The paper is sent to your email and uploaded to your personal account. You also get a plagiarism report attached to your paper.

smile and order essaysmile and order essay PLACE THIS ORDER OR A SIMILAR ORDER WITH US TODAY AND GET A PERFECT SCORE!!!

order custom essay paper