A Structural-Functional Perspective on Youth and Social Media

The people will not revolt. They will not look up from their screens long enough to notice whats happening (Orwell, 1955). This quote was written by the famous author George Orwell, who wrote books based on government politics and propaganda during and after world war I and II. He did predict a lot of the future government issues such as technology, and the large increase inglobal stratification,which is patterns of social inequality in the world as a whole (Burkowicz et al., 2016). Social networking sites (SNS) are social media applications such as Facebook, Instagram, Twitter, and Snapchat, that use Web 2.0 principles, which relies on the participation of mass users rather than centrally controlled content providers, aggregate and remix content from multiple sources, and more intensely network users and content together (Ahn, 2011). Today, youth are surrounded by it at home, in school, and in public. As more youth use SNS, it can affect their psychological well-being, education, and self-esteem as they grow up. This can be affected by how they present themselves online to strangers and their peers. Finally, technology and SNS are surrounding adolescents, and if not used properly it can cause future risks.

Social networking sites (SNS) have become so common, that it is considered a cultural norm.Anormis the rules and expectations by which a society guides the behaviour of its members (Burkowicz et al., 2016). If a person does not have an account, it is frowned upon, and considered un-normal. A national survey was done in 2009, that concluded that 73% teenagers use SNS, which was a 55% increase from 2006 (Ahn, 2011).Today, younger and younger children are starting to get cellphones and tablets, as seen inAppendix A, a photo of adolescents between the ages of 8-10, on their cellphones while waiting, whether it is for the bus or their parents to pick them up after school. Youth who use SNS, assume this role on their accounts which is considered as Dramaturgy, or a dramaturgal analysis.Dramaturgal analysisis Erving Goffmans term for the study of social interaction in terms of theatrical performance (Burkowicz et al., 2016) or how an individual presents an idealized version rather than an authentic version of themselves (Hogan, 2010). In this situation, youth use SNS as exhibitions, which is a place for youth to post artifacts or pictures, status updates, etc., to show their friends on their profile (Hogan, 2010). Their account, then shows a self-presentation of the individual, where they post certain pictures and status updates of who they expect themselves to be and put on an front-stage act for SNS, but in reality, that individual may be the opposite as they put themselves to be, which is considered as the back-stage act (Hogan, 2010). The people that follow this individual or are friends and family with this individual, are the audience for the persons self-presentation on SNS (Hogan, 2010). Youth utilize Erving Goffmans analysis more often than they should, without realizing it. It has become a norm, that youth post what they think will attract more likes and comments on their post, instead of posting about something that shows their true self. When it comes toeducation; the social institution through which society provides its members with important knowledge, including basic facts, job skills, and cultural norms and values (Burkowicz et al., 2016); has changed the way youth learn through the use of smartboards, projectors, and at home computer access to class content. Approximately 70% of school districts block all access to SNS due to fear of student safety (Ahn, 2011). But these site are also blocked due to , inappropriate content and lack of knowledge on privacy. can arise in person and online. SNS can enhance the issues of bullying through cyberbullying, since the bully can post false, embarrassing and hostile information about the victim, which can eventually lead to self-esteem and psychological well-being issues such as depression, anxiety, severe isolation and possibly suicide (OKeeffe & Clarke-Pearson, 2011). Psychological well-being is based on an individuals satisfaction with life, while self-esteem is based on an individuals level of confidence in themselves. What researchers found, was that the more a person spent on SNS, they became depressed, lonely and had smaller social circles (Ahn, 2011). This was caused by the individual isolating themselves from friends and family in the real world, which slowly decreased their psychological well-being and self-esteem (Ahn, 2011). The risk of inappropriate content can lead to issues such as sexting. Sexting is the sending, receiving, or forwarding sexually explicit messages, photographs or images via cellphone, computer or other digital devices (OKeeffe & Clarke-Pearson, 2011). In 2011, 20% of teens posted or sent nude, or seminude photograph or videos of themselves (OKeeffe & Clarke-Pearson, 2011). This can lead to risks of privacy and a possible charge of child pornography. What most youth do not understand is that once something is posted on the internet, it stays on the internet. Even if a photo or video is deleted, someone could have saved it somewhere, and that photo or video of the individual is still relevant and exists to the public. Finally, privacy is a major issue on SNS due to the digital footprint. The digital footprint is when the individuals information exits on the internet due to their result of online activity. Pre-adolescents and pre-teens have a higher risk of lack of privacy, because they do not realize that their digital footprint can affect their future reputation. This can include listed above such as sexting, inappropriate content, and peer-to-peer issues. When it comes to future jobs and education, employers and applications services at colleges and universities, search each individual SNS, to see if the individual is a proper fit for their company or schooling.

The best sociological perspective to explain youth and technology is the structural-functional approach. Thestructural-functional approachisa framework for building theory that sees society as a complex system whose parts work together to promote solidarity and stability (Burkowicz et al., 2016). Over the years, technology has become a major influence in human lives such as health care and medicine, education, networking through texting and social media, and so much more. This generation of youth are the first generation to grow up with technology all around them such as tablets, laptops, cellphones, that they can access the internet and games anywhere. A study in 2011 showed that 22% of teenager access their favourite SNS more than 10 times per day, and more than half of adolescents log on to SNS more than once a day. 65% of teenagers own a cellphone, 54% use them for texting, and 24% use them for instant messaging (OKeeffe & Clarke-Pearson, 2011). They provide solidarity and stability to youth using SNS, they need to understand the risks of not used properly. As well, if a parent does not monitor what their child does on SNS, it could also heighten that childs risk for future decisions. If a child doesnt fully understand the risks involved and how it affects their digital footprint is, it can affect their future education and careers in society.

As youth are growing up with technology and social media all around them, I believe that the root to providing a better future to these children, is educating them properly on the use of technology and social media. This means also educating the parents as well, because they have to monitor and make sure that their child is not abusing the use of social media. For children, it is best that public education blocks social media and any other inappropriate websites, to keep kids focused on their education, and to also show them what are acceptable websites, for the future as they grow up. For adults, it is best that they monitor their child while on social media, whether as a friend on their account, or giving them limited screen time during the day. This way, if something does put their child at risk, they know either when or how it happened. Also, there are laws set in place by Congress in the Childs Online Privacy Protection Act (COPPA), which does not allow websites to collect information from children that are 13 years or younger (OKeeffe & Clarke-Pearson, 2011). As well, SNS websites now only allow children of 13 years or older to sign up and create an account (OKeeffe & Clarke-Pearson, 2011). These laws may help prevent risks to childrens future decisions, but it also comes down to proper education to the child and the parent to make sure these risks do not occur.

In conclusion, youth are affected by social networking sites (SNS) because it can affect their self-esteem, psychological well-being, and education. This a structural-functional perspective because they are the first generation to be surrounded by social networking and technology, it can affect them as they grow-up due to their digital footprint and being uneducated about what is appropriate to post, and privacy risks. This is slowly becoming a major issue as younger children are using this technology, and both parents and children should be properly educated.

Appendix A: Photo

Figure 1:a photo of youth between ages 8-10 on their cellphones while waiting.

1) Picture Retrieved November 2, 2018, from https://www.google.?sa=i&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=images&cd=&cad=rja&uact =8&ved=2ahUKEwiBi_uHkbbeAhVCn-AKHdcYC- 0QjRx6BAgBEAU&url=https%3A%2F%2Fmedium.com%2Fbehavior- design%2Fsocial-media-has-the-exact-same-negative-effect-on-depression-as-eating- potatoes-2fcd2c1c4310&psig=AOvVaw03zHtVJV3MZ90Qj22MDH- e&ust=1541262596542267


  1. Ahn, J. (2011). The Effect of Social Network Sites on adolescents Social and Academic development: Current Theories and controversies.Advances in Information Science,62(8), 1435-1445. doi:10.1002/asi
  2. Burkowicz, J., Macionis, J. J., Benoit, C., & Jansson, M. (2016).Pearson custom library: Simon Fraser University, SA 150 Introduction to sociology(6th ed.). Boston, MA: Pearson Learning Solutions.
  3. Hogan, B. (2010). The presentation of Self in the Age of Social Media:Distinguishing Performances and Exhibitions Online.Bulletin of Science, Technology & Society,30(6), 377-386. doi:10.1177/0270467610385893
  4. OKeeffe, G. S., MD, Clarke-Pearson, K., MD, & C. (2011). The Impacts of Social Media on Children, Adolescents, and Families.Pediatrics,127(4), 800-804. doi:https://doi.org/10.1542/peds.2011-0054
  5. Orwell, G. (1955).1984. New York: New American Library.

Get Professional Assignment Help Cheaply

Buy Custom Essay

Are you busy and do not have time to handle your assignment? Are you scared that your paper will not make the grade? Do you have responsibilities that may hinder you from turning in your assignment on time? Are you tired and can barely handle your assignment? Are your grades inconsistent?

Whichever your reason is, it is valid! You can get professional academic help from our service at affordable rates. We have a team of professional academic writers who can handle all your assignments.

Why Choose Our Academic Writing Service?

  • Plagiarism free papers
  • Timely delivery
  • Any deadline
  • Skilled, Experienced Native English Writers
  • Subject-relevant academic writer
  • Adherence to paper instructions
  • Ability to tackle bulk assignments
  • Reasonable prices
  • 24/7 Customer Support
  • Get superb grades consistently

Online Academic Help With Different Subjects


Students barely have time to read. We got you! Have your literature essay or book review written without having the hassle of reading the book. You can get your literature paper custom-written for you by our literature specialists.


Do you struggle with finance? No need to torture yourself if finance is not your cup of tea. You can order your finance paper from our academic writing service and get 100% original work from competent finance experts.

Computer science

Computer science is a tough subject. Fortunately, our computer science experts are up to the match. No need to stress and have sleepless nights. Our academic writers will tackle all your computer science assignments and deliver them on time. Let us handle all your python, java, ruby, JavaScript, php , C+ assignments!


While psychology may be an interesting subject, you may lack sufficient time to handle your assignments. Don’t despair; by using our academic writing service, you can be assured of perfect grades. Moreover, your grades will be consistent.


Engineering is quite a demanding subject. Students face a lot of pressure and barely have enough time to do what they love to do. Our academic writing service got you covered! Our engineering specialists follow the paper instructions and ensure timely delivery of the paper.


In the nursing course, you may have difficulties with literature reviews, annotated bibliographies, critical essays, and other assignments. Our nursing assignment writers will offer you professional nursing paper help at low prices.


Truth be told, sociology papers can be quite exhausting. Our academic writing service relieves you of fatigue, pressure, and stress. You can relax and have peace of mind as our academic writers handle your sociology assignment.


We take pride in having some of the best business writers in the industry. Our business writers have a lot of experience in the field. They are reliable, and you can be assured of a high-grade paper. They are able to handle business papers of any subject, length, deadline, and difficulty!


We boast of having some of the most experienced statistics experts in the industry. Our statistics experts have diverse skills, expertise, and knowledge to handle any kind of assignment. They have access to all kinds of software to get your assignment done.


Writing a law essay may prove to be an insurmountable obstacle, especially when you need to know the peculiarities of the legislative framework. Take advantage of our top-notch law specialists and get superb grades and 100% satisfaction.

What discipline/subjects do you deal in?

We have highlighted some of the most popular subjects we handle above. Those are just a tip of the iceberg. We deal in all academic disciplines since our writers are as diverse. They have been drawn from across all disciplines, and orders are assigned to those writers believed to be the best in the field. In a nutshell, there is no task we cannot handle; all you need to do is place your order with us. As long as your instructions are clear, just trust we shall deliver irrespective of the discipline.

Are your writers competent enough to handle my paper?

Our essay writers are graduates with bachelor's, masters, Ph.D., and doctorate degrees in various subjects. The minimum requirement to be an essay writer with our essay writing service is to have a college degree. All our academic writers have a minimum of two years of academic writing. We have a stringent recruitment process to ensure that we get only the most competent essay writers in the industry. We also ensure that the writers are handsomely compensated for their value. The majority of our writers are native English speakers. As such, the fluency of language and grammar is impeccable.

What if I don’t like the paper?

There is a very low likelihood that you won’t like the paper.

Reasons being:

  • When assigning your order, we match the paper’s discipline with the writer’s field/specialization. Since all our writers are graduates, we match the paper’s subject with the field the writer studied. For instance, if it’s a nursing paper, only a nursing graduate and writer will handle it. Furthermore, all our writers have academic writing experience and top-notch research skills.
  • We have a quality assurance that reviews the paper before it gets to you. As such, we ensure that you get a paper that meets the required standard and will most definitely make the grade.

In the event that you don’t like your paper:

  • The writer will revise the paper up to your pleasing. You have unlimited revisions. You simply need to highlight what specifically you don’t like about the paper, and the writer will make the amendments. The paper will be revised until you are satisfied. Revisions are free of charge
  • We will have a different writer write the paper from scratch.
  • Last resort, if the above does not work, we will refund your money.

Will the professor find out I didn’t write the paper myself?

Not at all. All papers are written from scratch. There is no way your tutor or instructor will realize that you did not write the paper yourself. In fact, we recommend using our assignment help services for consistent results.

What if the paper is plagiarized?

We check all papers for plagiarism before we submit them. We use powerful plagiarism checking software such as SafeAssign, LopesWrite, and Turnitin. We also upload the plagiarism report so that you can review it. We understand that plagiarism is academic suicide. We would not take the risk of submitting plagiarized work and jeopardize your academic journey. Furthermore, we do not sell or use prewritten papers, and each paper is written from scratch.

When will I get my paper?

You determine when you get the paper by setting the deadline when placing the order. All papers are delivered within the deadline. We are well aware that we operate in a time-sensitive industry. As such, we have laid out strategies to ensure that the client receives the paper on time and they never miss the deadline. We understand that papers that are submitted late have some points deducted. We do not want you to miss any points due to late submission. We work on beating deadlines by huge margins in order to ensure that you have ample time to review the paper before you submit it.

Will anyone find out that I used your services?

We have a privacy and confidentiality policy that guides our work. We NEVER share any customer information with third parties. Noone will ever know that you used our assignment help services. It’s only between you and us. We are bound by our policies to protect the customer’s identity and information. All your information, such as your names, phone number, email, order information, and so on, are protected. We have robust security systems that ensure that your data is protected. Hacking our systems is close to impossible, and it has never happened.

How our Assignment  Help Service Works

1.      Place an order

You fill all the paper instructions in the order form. Make sure you include all the helpful materials so that our academic writers can deliver the perfect paper. It will also help to eliminate unnecessary revisions.

2.      Pay for the order

Proceed to pay for the paper so that it can be assigned to one of our expert academic writers. The paper subject is matched with the writer’s area of specialization.

3.      Track the progress

You communicate with the writer and know about the progress of the paper. The client can ask the writer for drafts of the paper. The client can upload extra material and include additional instructions from the lecturer. Receive a paper.

4.      Download the paper

The paper is sent to your email and uploaded to your personal account. You also get a plagiarism report attached to your paper.

smile and order essaysmile and order essay PLACE THIS ORDER OR A SIMILAR ORDER WITH US TODAY AND GET A PERFECT SCORE!!!

order custom essay paper